Non-destructive measurement of water and fat contents, water dynamics during drying and adulteration detection of intact small yellow croaker by low field NMR
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Non-destructive and fast measurement and characterization of fish is highly desired during various processing treatment. In this study, water dynamics during drying process and adulteration with carrageen were detected using low field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) technique in small yellow croaker. Prediction models of water and fat contents were established based on LF-NMR Carr–Purcell–Meiboom–Gill (CPMG) data combined with principal component regression (PCR) or partial least squares regression (PLSR). The Rcv 2 of water and fat content by PLSR model was 0.9877 and 0.9054, and the root mean square error (RMSE) of cross-validation was 9.2360 and 3.3730%, respectively. Water dynamics during hot-air drying process showed that the amount of immobile water significantly decreased, and good correlation was found between the moisture ratio and peak area by Two-term model. In addition, the adulterated small yellow croaker with carrageen or distilled water could be clearly distinguished by principal component analysis (PCA) in a fast and non-destructive manner. All the results demonstrated that the LF-NMR may have great potential in fast and non-destructive analysis of small yellow croakers during various processing treatment.
KeywordsLow filed NMR Chemometrics Small yellow croaker Water Fat
This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0400404) and the National Nature Science Foundation of China (31501561).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.