Obésité

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 146–153 | Cite as

L’enquête Internet nationale « Dukan, et après ? » : premiers résultats

  • B. Hansel
  • P. Giral
  • A. Coppola-Xaillé
  • G. Monfort
  • M. Regnault
  • E. Bruckert
Article Original / Original Article

Résumé

L’enquête Internet nationale « Dukan et après ? » a évalué chez 4 761 volontaires ayant suivi le régime restrictif hyperprotéiné (RRH) l’évolution du poids à court, moyen et long termes. Parmi les sujets ayant un recul d’au moins deux ans, 75 % déclarent avoir finalement repris le poids perdu. En outre, l’échec du régime entraîne un sentiment de culpabilité chez 60 % des personnes. Le RRH ne semble donc pas différent des autres régimes restrictifs. Compte tenu des incertitudes sur les effets métaboliques à long terme des fluctuations de poids, ces résultats nécessitent de poursuivre les investigations.

Mots clés

Dukan Régime hyperprotéiné Internet 

National Internet survey “Dukan and after?”: initial results

Abstract

The national Internet survey “Dukan and after?” was conducted on 4,761 volunteers who follow a restrictive hyperprotein diet and analysed their weight patterns in the short, medium and long term. Among subjects who were followed up for at least two years, 75% said they had finally regained lost weight. Furthermore, the failure of the diet causes a feeling of guilt in 60% of people. The restrictive hyperprotein diet does not seem different from other restrictive diets. In view of uncertainties about the metabolic effects of long-term weight changes, these results require further investigation.

Keywords

Dukan Hyperprotein diet Internet survey 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Références

  1. 1.
    Étude Obépi 2009Google Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Dukan P (2011) Je ne sais pas maigrir. Livre de pocheGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rapport d’expertise sur l’évaluation des risques liés aux pratiques alimentaires d’amaigrissement. http://www.anses.fr/Documents/NUT2009sa0099Ra.pdf
  5. 5.
    (1973) A critique of low-carbohydrate ketogenic weight reduction regimens. A review of Dr Atkins’ diet revolution. JAMA 224:1415–1419Google Scholar
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    Wing RR, Phelan S (2005) Long-term weight loss maintenance. Am J Clin Nutr 82:222S–225SPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Anderson JW, Konz EC, Frederich RC, Wood CL (2001) Longterm weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies. Am J Clin Nutr 74:579–584PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sacks FM, Bray GA, Carey VJ, et al (2009) Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates. N Engl J Med 360:859–873PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Foster GD, Wyatt HR, Hill JO, et al (2003) A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity. N Engl J Med 348:2082–2090PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shai I, Schwarzfuchs D, Henkin Y, et al (2008) Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet. N Engl J Med 359:229–241PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Astrup A, Meinert Larsen T, Harper A (2004) Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: hoax or an effective tool for weight loss? Lancet 364:897–899PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bacon L, Stern JS, Van Loan MD, Keim NL (2005) Size acceptance and intuitive eating improve health for obese, female chronic dieters. J Am Diet Assoc 105:929–936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barzic L (2004) Les déterminants psychologiques de l’obésité. Médecine de l’obésité. Flammarion Médecine-Sciences, Paris 59–67Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dulloo AG, Jacquet J, Seydoux J, Montani JP (2006) The thrifty “catch-up fat” phenotype: its impact on insulin sensitivity during growth trajectories to obesity and metabolic syndrome. Int J Obes (Lond) 30(Suppl 4):S23–S35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Montani JP, Viecelli AK, Prevot A, Dulloo AG (2006) Weight cycling during growth and beyond as a risk factor for later cardiovascular diseases: the ‘repeated overshoot’ theory. Int J Obes (Lond) 30(Suppl 4):S58–S66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vergnaud AC, Bertrais S, Oppert JM, et al (2008) Weight fluctuations and risk for metabolic syndrome in an adult cohort. Int J Obes (Lond) 32:315–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang H, Tamakoshi K, Yatsuya H, et al (2005) Long-term body weight fluctuation is associated with metabolic syndrome independent of current body mass index among Japanese men. Circ J 69:13–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Paris 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Hansel
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Giral
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Coppola-Xaillé
    • 3
  • G. Monfort
    • 3
  • M. Regnault
    • 3
  • E. Bruckert
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Service d’endocrinologie métabolisme et de prévention cardiovasculairehôpital Pitié-SalpêtrièreParisFrance
  2. 2.Inserm UMR S939: dyslipidémiesinflammation et athérosclérose dans les maladies métaboliquesParisFrance
  3. 3.Le Journal des Femmes Santésanté-médecine, CCM Benchmark GroupBoulogne-BillancourtFrance

Personalised recommendations