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Frontiers of Medicine

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 389–396 | Cite as

miRNAs in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

  • Zhen He
  • Cheng Hu
  • Weiping Jia
Review

Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and is a considerable threat to public health. miRNAs are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, and the dysregulation of miRNAs is involved in various biological processes in the liver, including lipid homeostasis, inflammation, apoptosis, and cell proliferation. Recently, a number of studies have described the association between miRNAs and NAFLD progression and have shown that circulating miRNAs reflect histological changes in the liver. Therefore, circulating miRNAs have potential use for the evaluation of NAFLD severity. In this review, we discuss the involvement of miRNAs in NAFLD pathogenesis and the key role of miRNAs in the screening, diagnosis, and staging of NAFLD.

Keywords

nonalcoholic fatty liver disease nonalcoholic steatohepatitis hepatocellular carcinoma miRNA 

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Clinical Center for DiabetesShanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s HospitalShanghaiChina

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