Distribution of stem decay in the beech trees of the Azerbaijan and its impact on the output of commercial wood

  • A. B. Yakhyaev
  • V. S. Farzaliyev
  • E. P. Safarova
Original Paper


To determine the distribution of stem decay in the beech stands of Azerbaijan, we sought to identify the species, number, and height of attachment of fruiting bodies; the extent of decay in tree trunks growing under different conditions; and its influence on the trees’ commercial wood. The research was conducted on three farms representing the most common forest types of the Greater Caucasus within Azerbaijan. Examination of the presence of fruiting bodies in the tree trunk revealed that stem decay is the most common infection in beech (Fagus orientalis) stands, especially in fresh, moist areas, with less infection under dry growing conditions. In this work, the length, diameter, and volume of decay were studied by infecting the trunks of 93 model trees affected with mushrooms in 1–4 m cuttings. Our results showed that as the age of the stand increased, extent, diameter, and volume of decay increased significantly: the extent of decay from 1.47 to 6.43 m; the diameter of the decay from 8.15 to 32.7 cm; and the volume of decay from 2.5 to 13.2%. The relationship between age and the specified indicators is presented graphically. Using data obtained from the same sample of trees, we determined the expected and actual yield of commercial wood by age class. We determined that stem decay in beech stands leads to a decrease in the yield of commercial wood on average from 25.1% in the middle-aged to 14.8% in overmature plantations, respectively, with an estimated yield of 40.8–62.7%. Here we present mathematical models of the output of commercial wood from the infected part of the stands by age classes with the use of average data on the extent of decay in model trees.


Beech Wood Infection Forest type Stem decay Output of commercial wood Fruiting bodies 


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. Yakhyaev
    • 1
  • V. S. Farzaliyev
    • 2
  • E. P. Safarova
    • 2
  1. 1.Azerbaijan University of Architecture and ConstructionBaku CityAzerbaijan Republic
  2. 2.Central Botanical Garden of Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBaku CityAzerbaijan Republic

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