Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 687–696 | Cite as

Impacts of low-intensity prescribed fire on microbial and chemical soil properties in a Quercus frainetto forest

  • Serdar Akburak
  • Yowhan Son
  • Ender Makineci
  • Meriç Çakir
Original Paper


Prescribed fire is a common economical and effective forestry practice, and therefore it is important to understand the effects of fire on soil properties for better soil management. We investigated the impacts of low-intensity prescribed fire on the microbial and chemical properties of the top soil in a Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto Ten.) forest. The research focused on microbial soil parameters (microbial soil respiration (RSM), soil microbial biomass carbon (Cmic) and metabolic quotient (qCO2) and chemical topsoil properties (soil acidity (pH), electrical conductivity (EC), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), C/N ratio and exchangeable cations). Mean annual comparisons show significant differences in four parameters (C/N ratio, soil pH, Cmic and qCO2) while monthly comparisons do not reveal any significant differences. Soil pH increased slightly in the burned plots and had a significantly positive correlation with exchangeable cations Mg, Ca, Mn and K. The mean annual C/N ratio was significantly higher in the burned plots (28.5:1) than in the control plots (27.0:1). The mean annual Cmic (0.6 mg g−1) was significantly lower although qCO2 (2.5 µg CO2–C mg Cmic h−1) was significantly higher, likely resulting from the microbial response to fire-induced environmental stress. Low-intensity prescribed fire caused very short-lived changes. The annual mean values of C/N ratio, pH, Cmic and qCO2 showed significant differences.


C/N Exchangeable cations Microbial biomass carbon qCO2 Soil pH 



This work was supported by the Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit of Istanbul University, Project number: International Research Projects: IRP-27803, as a part of international collaboration between Istanbul University, Istanbul-Turkey and Korea University, Seoul-Korea.


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Serdar Akburak
    • 1
  • Yowhan Son
    • 2
  • Ender Makineci
    • 1
  • Meriç Çakir
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Forestry, Soil Science and Ecology DepartmentIstanbul UniversityBahcekoy, SariyerTurkey
  2. 2.Division of Environmental Science and Ecological EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Faculty of Forestry, Soil Science and Ecology DepartmentÇankırı Karatekin UniversityÇankırıTurkey

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