Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 585–591 | Cite as

Identification of pests and assessment of their damage on Carapa procera and Lophira lanceolata in Burkina Faso, West Africa

  • Baslayi Tindano
  • Olivier Gnankine
  • Amadé Ouédraogo
  • Mamadou Traore
  • Jørgen Axelsen
  • Anne Mette Lykke
Original Paper


Nontimber forest products are a source of income for women in rural African communities. However, these products are frequently damaged by insect pests. The present study investigates the diversity and damage rates of insect pests that attack Carapa procera seeds and Lophira lanceolata fruits. The experiment was set up in western Burkina Faso and, for C. carapa, consisted of pests collected from seeds that had fallen to the ground and from stockpiled seeds. For L. lanceolata, pests were collected from fruits on the trees, and on the ground. The collected samples were sent to the laboratory to estimate the proportion of damaged seeds/fruits and rear the insects. The results showed that Ephestia spp., Tribolium castaneum, Oryzeaphilus spp., and Tenebroides mauritanicus were the pests of Carapa procera seeds and Lophira lanceolata fruits. Ephestia spp. was recorded as the main pest of both C. procera and L. lanceolata, whereas T. castaneum was only detected from seeds of L. lanceolata. For C. procera, the stocks were the most infested (29 %) by Ephestia spp. The infestation rate of fruits of L. lanceolata by Ephestia spp. on trees (31.42 ± 3.75 %) was less than the rate of fruits by T. castaneum on the ground (44.00 ± 3.5 %). The different body sizes of Ephestia spp. may indicate the occurrence of two putative species, one from C. procera and another one from L. lanceolata. This work provides important information that could contribute to the setting up of a local-scale sustainable management framework for oil tree pests in Burkina Faso and surrounding countries.


Insect diversity Carapa procera Lophira lanceolata Ephestia spp. Pest management 



The authors are grateful to Danida (10-002AU) for funding this study within the framework of the collaborative research project QualiTree.


  1. Boffa JM (2000) Les parcs agro forestiers en Afrique subsaharienne. Cahier FAO conservation Rome, ItalieGoogle Scholar
  2. Brock JP (1982) A systematic study of the genus Ophion in Britain (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Tijdschr Entomol 125:57–97Google Scholar
  3. Degri MM, Zainab JA (2013) A study of insect pest infestations on stored fruits and vegetables in the north eastern Nigeria. Int J Sci Nat 4(4):646–650Google Scholar
  4. Fontes J, Guinko S (1995) Vegetation and land use’s map of Burkina Faso, Explanatory Note. Ministry of French Cooperation, Toulouse, p 67Google Scholar
  5. Gauld ID, Bolton B (eds).1988. The Hymenoptera. British Museum (Natural History)Google Scholar
  6. Gnoumou A, Bognounou F, Hahn K, Thiombiano A. 2011. Woody plant diversity and stand structure in the Comoe-Leraba Reserve, Southwestern Burkina Faso (West Africa). J Biol Sci.1–13Google Scholar
  7. GRDC. 2011. Stored grain pests identification. The back pocket guide,17 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Gupta VK (1987) The Ichneumonidae of the Jndo-Australian area (Hymenoptera). Mem Am Entomol Inst 41:1–1210Google Scholar
  9. Lale NES (2002) Stored product entomology and Acarology in Tropical Africa. Mole Publication (Nig) Maiduguri, Nigeria 204 pp Google Scholar
  10. Mound I. 1989. Common pests on stored food products. Economics series 15, 7th edition, London, p 152Google Scholar
  11. Ouedraogo A, Lykke AM, Lankoande B, Korbeogo G (2013) Potential for promoting oil products identified from traditional knowledge of native trees in Burkina Faso. Ethnobot Res Appl 11:71–83Google Scholar
  12. Sambaré O, Bognounou F, Wittig R, Thiombiano A (2011) Woody species composition, diversity and structure of riparian forests of four watercourses types in Burkina Faso. J For Res 22:145–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. SAS, Institute Inc. STATVIEW pour Windows, Version 5.0 SAS Institute. Cary, NC, USA, 1992-1998Google Scholar
  14. Schmidt L. (1998) Insects of forest seed. Technical Note 51. Danida Forest Seed Centre, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  15. Traoré L, Ouédraogo I, Ouédraogo A, Thiombiano A (2011) Perceptions, usages et vulnérabilité des ressources végétales ligneuses dans le Sud-Ouest du Burkina Faso. Int J Biol Chem Sci 5(1):258–278Google Scholar
  16. Tschopp A, Riedel M, Kropf C, Nentwig W, Klopfstein S (2013) The evolution of host associations in the parasitic wasp genus Ichneumon (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): convergent adaptations to host pupation sites. BMC Evol Biol 13:74CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Walter E 2002. Urban Entomology Pests of stored food products. California division of agricultural sciences, 275–309Google Scholar
  18. Williams JO, Otitodun OG, Okunade SO (2002) Insect attack on stored dried tomato. Trop Sci 42(1):20–27Google Scholar
  19. Zizka A, Thiombiano A, Dressler A, Nacoulma BMI, Ouédraogo A, Ouédraogo I, Ouédraogo O, Zizka G, Hahn K, Schmidt M (2015) Traditional plant use in Burkina Faso (West Africa): a national-scale analysis with focus on traditional medicine. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 11(9):1746–4269Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baslayi Tindano
    • 1
  • Olivier Gnankine
    • 1
  • Amadé Ouédraogo
    • 2
  • Mamadou Traore
    • 3
  • Jørgen Axelsen
    • 4
  • Anne Mette Lykke
    • 4
  1. 1.Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la vie et de la Terre, Laboratoire d’Entomologie Fondamentale et AppliquéeUniversité de OuagadougouOuagadougouBurkina Faso
  2. 2.Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la vie et de la Terre, Laboratoire de Biologie et Ecologie VégétalesUniversité de OuagadougouOuagadougouBurkina Faso
  3. 3.INERA, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches AgricolesOuagadougou 01Burkina Faso
  4. 4.Department of BioscienceAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

Personalised recommendations