The effects of major veins severing on morphological and physiological features of sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) leaves were investigated by observing leaf color change and measuring leaf temperature, green/luminance (G/L) value of half-lobes, leaf stomata conductance, and water content in Yamaguchi University, Japan. The palmately veined leaves of sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) were found more sensitive to the major vein severing than that of other species. Major veins severing resulted in serious water stresses, as indicated by the persistent reddening and/or advanced reddening of local leaf, lower leaf stomatal conductance, and higher leaf temperature, etc. Severed leaf can be clearly divided into non-severed area, transitional area, and stressed area, which the three areas have different colours and temperature. The major vein barrier can also be seen clearly. The persistent reddening and advanced reddening seem consistent with the phenomenon of red crown top of some sweetgum trees and may have similar mechanism.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Alexieva V, Sergiev I, Mapelli S, Karanove E. 2001. The effect of drought and ultraviolet radiation on growth and stress markers in pea and wheat. Plant, Cell and Environment, 24: 1337–1344.
Baig MN, Tranquillini W. 1980. The effects of wind and temperature on cuticular transpiration of Picea abies and Pinus cembra and their significance in dessication damage at the Alpine Treeline. Oecologia (Berl.), 47: 252–256.
Chaerle L, Van Der Straeten D. 2000. Imaging techniques and the early detection of plant stress. Trends in plant science, 5(11): 495–501.
Chalker-Scott L. 1999. Environmental significance of anthocyanins in plant stress responses. Photochem & Photobiol, 70: 1–9.
Clements HF. 1934. Significance of transpiration. Plant physiology, 9: 165–172.
Chiba Y. 1994. A mechanistic analysis of devastating damage by typhoons in sugi plantations in terms of stem breaking. J Jpn For Soc, 76(6): 481–491.
Donald R. 2001. When there is too much light. Plant Physiol, 125: 29–32.
Farooq M, Wahid A, Basra SMA, Islam-ud-Din. 2009. Drought stress improving water relations and gas exchange with Brassinosteroids in rice under drought stress. J Agronomy & Crop Science, doi:10.1111/j.1439-037X.2009.00368.x
Fitter AH, Hay RKM. 2002. Environmental physiology of plants. San Diego, Tokyo: Academic Press. 57–59, 131–190.
Gates DM. 1968. Transpiration and leaf temperature. Ann Rev Plant Physiol, 19: 211–238.
Grant OM, Chaves MM, Jones HG. 2006. Optimizing thermal imaging as a technique for detecting stomatal closure induced by drought stress under greenhouse conditions. Physiologia Plantarum, 127: 507–518.
Hughes NM, Morley CB, Smith WK. 2007. Coordination of anthocyanin decline and photosynthetic maturation in juvenile leaves of three deciduous tree species. New Phytologist, 175: 675–685.
Jones HG. 1999. Use of thermography for quantitative studies of spatial and temporal variation of stomatal conductance over leaf surfaces. Plant Cell Environ, 22: 1043–1055.
Jones HG, Leinonen L. 2003. Thermo imaging for the study of plants water relation. J Agric Meteorol, 59(3): 205–217.
Jones HG, Stoll M, Santos T, Sousa C, Chaves MM, Grant OM. 2002. Use of infrared thermography for monitoring stomatal closure in the field: application to grapevine. J Exp Bot, 53: 2249–2260.
Lambers H, Stuart C-III F, Pons TL. 1998. Plant physiological ecology, New York, Berlin, Springer, 367
Liu YB, Zhang TG, Li XR, Wang G. 2007. Protective mechanism of desiccation tolerance in Reaumuria soongorica: Leaf abscission and sucrose accumulation in the stem. Science in China Ser C: Life Sciences, 50(1): 15–21.
Numata S, Kachi N, Okuda T, Manokaran N. 2004. Delayed greening, leaf expansion, and damage to sympatric Shorea species in a lowland rain forest. J Plant Res, 117: 19–25.
Prytz G, Futsaether CM, Johnsson A. 2003. Thermography studies of the spatial and temporal variability in stomatal conductance of Avena leaves during stable and oscillatory transpiration. New Phytologist, 158: 249–258.
Sack L, Cowan PD, Holbrook NM. 2003. The major veins of mesomorphic leaves revisited: tests for conductive overload in Acer saccharum (Aceraceae) and Quercus rubra (Fagaceae). American Journal of Botany, 90(1): 32–39.
Wang F, Yamamoto H, Ibaraki Y. 2008. Measuring leaf necrosis and chlorosis of bamboo induced by typhoon 0613 with RGB image analysis. J Forestry Research, 19(3): 225–230.
Wang F, Yamamoto H, Ibaraki Y, Iwaya K, Takayama N. 2009a. Evaluation ginkgo leaf necrosis and asymmetric crown discoloration induced by Typhoon 0613 with RGB image analysis. J Agric Meteorol, 65(1): 27–37.
Wang F, Yamamoto H, Ibaraki. 2009b. Responses of some landscape trees to the drought and high temperature event during 2006 and 2007 in Yamaguchi, Japan. J Forestry Research, 20(3): 254–260.
Wylie RB. 1927. Leaf structure and wound response. Science, 65: 47–50.
Wylie RB. 1930. Cicatrization of foliage leaves. I. Wound responses of certain mesophytic leaves. Botanical Gazette, 90: 260–278.
Yamamoto H, Suzuki Y, Hayakawa S, Hirayama K. 1996. Survey on meteorological characteristics of dry summer and paddy rice damage caused by the drought in western part of Japan in 1994. J Nat Disaster Sci, 15: 11–17. (In Japanese)
Yang YQ, Yao YN, Xu G, Li CY. 2005. Growth and physiological responses to drought and elevated ultraviolet-B in two contrasting populations of Hippophae rhamnoides. Physiologia Plantarum, 124: 431–440.
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Wang, F. Persistent and advanced reddening of sweetgum leaves after major veins severing. Journal of Forestry Research 21, 465–468 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-010-0099-7
- advanced reddening
- G/L value
- leaf vein severing
- persistent reddening
- red top crown
- stomatal conductance
- water stress