Journal of Forestry Research

, 19:193 | Cite as

Evaluation of land-use pattern change in West Bhanugach Reserved Forest, Bangladesh, using remote sensing and GIS techniques

  • Md. Abdul Halim
  • Abdus Shahid
  • Mohammad Shaheed Hossain Chowdhury
  • Mst. Nazmun Nahar
  • Md. Shawkat Islam Sohel
  • Md. Jahangir Nuruddin
  • Masao Koike
Research Paper


A study was conducted to investigate the land-use pattern change over a period of 18 years (1988–2006) by using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) technologies, in the West Bhanugach Reserved Forest, a hill forest, in Sylhet Forest Division of Bangladesh. The images were processed using ERDAS Imagine software. Both supervised and unsupervised approaches were applied and ground control points were collected using a GPS. Maps were prepared using GIS software. Results showed that vegetation cover drastically decreased from the year 1988 to 1996 (1 826 ha to 1 714.85 ha), but increased gradually from the year 1996 to 2006 (1 714.85 ha to 1 847.83 ha) due to the initiation of co-management practice involving local communities. Change in bare land was inversely proportionate to the amount of vegetation cover changes unless any other land-uses were converted into bare land. The area of water bodies increased from the year 1988 to 1996 (307.67 ha to 379.53 ha), but decreased from the year 1996 to 1997, then remained invariabile from the year 1997 to 2006. Some recommendations were also made for applying the RS and GIS techniques to study the land-use pattern change in the Bhanugach Reserved Forest and to create a GIS data base for the study area.


land-use remote sensing Geographical Information System West Bhanugach Reserved Forest Bangladesh 


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Abdul Halim
    • 1
  • Abdus Shahid
    • 2
  • Mohammad Shaheed Hossain Chowdhury
    • 3
  • Mst. Nazmun Nahar
    • 4
  • Md. Shawkat Islam Sohel
    • 1
  • Md. Jahangir Nuruddin
    • 5
  • Masao Koike
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Environmental ScienceShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  2. 2.Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO)DhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Forest Policy Laboratory, Department of Forest Science, Faculty of AgricultureShinshu UniversityNagano-KenJapan
  4. 4.Department of Geology and MiningRajshahi UniversityRajshahiBangladesh
  5. 5.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh

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