Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 245–248 | Cite as

Comparative evaluation of physical properties in soils of orange orchard and bushy forest in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Banglandesh

  • Mohammad Shaheed Hossain Chowdhury
  • Md. Abdul Halim
  • Shampa Biswas
  • S. M. Sirajul Haque
  • Nur Muhammed
  • Masao Koike


The physical properties of soil on two hill slopes of 35% and 55% in orange orchard cultivated by the Mro tribe of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) were evaluated and compared with those of bushy hill forests. Soil samples were collected from three different depths (0–5 cm, 5–15 cm and 15–30 cm), digging three profiles in each land use for determining moisture content, organic matter content and particle density. Maximum water holding capacity, field capacity, dry and moist bulk density and porosity were determined only for the surface soils. Moisture content at all the soil depths was significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05) in orange orchard than in forest on both the slopes. Orange orchard contained lower mean soil organic matter than forest on 55% slope, while it contained higher values on 35% slope compared to forest. The highest value of the above two properties was found at surface soil in both the land uses on both the slopes, decreasing with the increase of soil depth. On both the slopes maximum water holding capacity and porosity of surface soil and particle density at all soil depths were lower in orange orchard compared to those in forest. Field capacity values of surface soil did not show consistency in trend for the differences between the two land uses on both the slopes. Bulk density value of moist and dry surface soil was higher in orange orchard than in forest on both the hill slopes.


Orange orchard Bushy forests Physical property, Slope Chittagong Hill Tracts 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chaturvedi, O.P. and Sing, J.S. 1987. A quantitative study of the forest floor biomass, litter fall and nutrient return in a Pinus roxburghii forest in Jumaaun Himalayan and South Asia. Vegetation, 71 (2): 97–106.Google Scholar
  2. Chowdhury, M.S.H. and Miah, M.D. 2004. Shifting cultivation (Jhum) practice by the Mro tribe in Thanchi Upazilla, Bandarban, Bangladesh. Jahangirnagar University Journal of Science, 27: 187–202.Google Scholar
  3. Denniston, D. 1995. High Priorities: Conserving mountain ecosystems and cultures. In: World Watch Paper-123. Washington D.C., U.S.A: World Watch Institute, p.80Google Scholar
  4. Evans, J. 1981. Plantation Forestry in the Tropics. Oxford Science Publications, U.K.: 471 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Gautam, I.P., Thapa, M.P., Gupta, K.P. et al. 2004. Cultivar evaluation on mango in low hills of eastern Nepal. In: Nepal Net: An Electronic Networking for Sustainable Development in Nepal. National Agricultural Research Center, Nepal.Google Scholar
  6. Haque, S.M.S. 1997. Afforestation effects on former agricultural soils. Ph. D. Thesis. Department of Plant and Soil Science. University of Aberdeen. p.269Google Scholar
  7. Hossain, M.K. and Chowdhury, M.A.M. 1984. Studies on the undergrowth of teak (Tectona grandis L.) at Ichamati Forest Beat, Chittagong. I. A preliminary survey on some soil properties and floristic composition of teak undergrowths. Chittagong University Studies, Part II, 8(1): 79.Google Scholar
  8. Hudson, N.W. 1957. Erosion control research. Progress: report on Henderson Research Station. Rhodesia Agric. J., 54: 297–323.Google Scholar
  9. Hutchinson, R.H.S. 1906. An account of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, Writers’ Building, Calcutta. India. p.202Google Scholar
  10. Khan, M.S. 1998. Prospects of ethno-botany and ethno-botanical research in Bangladesh. In: R.L. Banik, M.K. Alam, S.J. Pei and A. Rastogi (eds.), Applied Ethno-botany. Chittagong, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Pp 24–27.Google Scholar
  11. Khisa, S.K. 1997. Indigenous technology/knowledge of watershed management in the culture of ethnic communities of Chittagong Hill Tracts. Paper presented at the national workshop on indigenous technology/knowledge in watershed management held at Bangladesh Forest Academy, Chittagong from 30th November–3rd December 1997. p.12.Google Scholar
  12. Khisa, S.K. 1998. Ethno-botanical and cultural background of ethnic communities in forest resource management in Chittagong Hill Tracts. In: R.L. Banik, M.K. Alam, S.J. Pei and A. Rastogi (eds), Applied Ethno-botany. Chittagong, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Pp. 56–63.Google Scholar
  13. Lewin, T.H. 1869. The Hill Tracts of Chittagong and the dwellers therein. Translated by Hirohito Chakma into Bangla. Tribal Cultural Institute, Rangamati, Bangladesh, p.106.Google Scholar
  14. Miah, M.D., Chowdhury, M.S.H. 2004. Traditional forest utilization practice by the Mro tribe in the Bandarban region, Bangladesh. Swiss Forestry Journal, 155(3–4): 65–70.Google Scholar
  15. Mongia, A.D. and Bandyopadhyay, A.K. 1994. Soils of the tropics. Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd, Jangpura, New Delhi, India, p. 202.Google Scholar
  16. Morgan, R.P.C. 1986. Soil Erosion and Conservation. Longman Scientific & Technical, Longaman Group UK Limited, Longman House, Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex CM202JE, England: 298 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Pritchett, W.L. and Fisher, R.F. 1987. Properties and Management of Forest Soil. New York, U. S. A.: Jhon Willey and Sons, 231 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Rolfe, G.L. and Boggess, W.R. 1973. Soil condition under old field and forest cover in southern Illionois. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proceedings. 37: 314–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Roose, E. 1980. Dynamique actuelle de sols ferrallitiques et ferrugineux tropicaux d’Afrique occidentale. Etude expérimentale des transferts hydrologiques et biologiques de matières sous végétations naturelles ou cultivées. Thèse doct. ès Sciences, Université d’Orléans. In: Travaux et Documents de l’ORSTOM, Paris, No.-130. pp: 569.Google Scholar
  20. Roy, C. 1996. Murung. In: P. Bandopadhyay, S. Dutta and K. Sengupta (eds.), Colorful people of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Institute of Theatre and Arts (BITA), Mallika-1, Shaheed Mirza Lane, Mehedibagh, Chittagong, Bangladesh, Pp.13–18.Google Scholar
  21. Singh, S.S, Tiwari, S.C. and Dhar, M.S. 2001. Evaluation of soil degradation using physiochemical, biochemical and biological parameters in humid tropics of Arunchal Pradesh, India. Annals of Forestry, 9(2): 287–292.Google Scholar
  22. Wilde, S.A. 1958. Forest Soils. New York, U.S.A.: Ronald Press, 537 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Zingg, A.W. 1940. Degree and length of land slope as it affects soil loss and runoff. Agric. Eng, 21: 59–64.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Shaheed Hossain Chowdhury
    • 1
  • Md. Abdul Halim
    • 1
  • Shampa Biswas
    • 2
  • S. M. Sirajul Haque
    • 3
  • Nur Muhammed
    • 4
  • Masao Koike
    • 4
  1. 1.JamalpurBangladesh
  2. 2.Mountain ForestryUniversity of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences-BOKUViennaAustria
  3. 3.Institute of Forestry and Environmental SciencesChittagong UniversityChittagongBangladesh
  4. 4.Forest Policy Laboratory, Department of Forest Science, faculty of AgricultureShinshu UniversityNagano-KenJapan

Personalised recommendations