Legal Standards for Brain Death and Undue Influence in Euthanasia Laws
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A major appellate court decision from the United States seriously questions the legal sufficiency of prevailing medical criteria for the determination of death by neurological criteria. There may be a mismatch between legal and medical standards for brain death, requiring the amendment of either or both. In South Australia, a Bill seeks to establish a legal right for a defined category of persons suffering unbearably to request voluntary euthanasia. However, an essential criterion of a voluntary decision is that it is not tainted by undue influence, and this Bill falls short of providing adequate guidance to assess for undue influence.
KeywordsBrain death Determination of death by neurological criteria End-of-life Life-sustaining treatment Uniform Determination of Death Act American Academy of Neurology Voluntary euthanasia Voluntariness Undue influence
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