Recent review articles on high entropy alloys (HEAs) provide little information about miscibility gaps in multicomponent systems, especially about how to respond with alloying should they be found. Also, there is a lack of information about how miscibility gaps might appear on calculated or measured multicomponent phase diagrams. In this work concepts concerning miscibility gaps that form in binary and ternary systems are reviewed. Then the work is extended to alloys with more components including HEAs. The previous work predicts that there are significant differences between binary systems and those with three or more components. For example, miscibility gaps do not form in binary systems that have a negative heat of mixing, but they do form in ternary systems. Also, ternary systems with a positive heat of mixing can have their stability temperature lowered by adding ternary components that add positive heats of mixing. The morphology and topology of multicomponent/multiphase miscibility gaps differ from typical phase diagrams, as well. For example, one type of miscibility gap is said to have the rose geometry, because of its floral design. Normally only 2-phase miscibility gaps can form in binary and ternary systems. However using the Graph Method it is suggested that 3-phase miscibility gaps might form in HEA systems, even while trying to avoid them. A conclusion of this investigation is that with additional computational and experimental work it may be possible to expand the boundaries of where HEAs can be found.
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Morral, J.E., Chen, S. High Entropy Alloys, Miscibility Gaps and the Rose Geometry. J. Phase Equilib. Diffus. 38, 319–331 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11669-017-0547-6
- high entropy alloys
- miscibility gaps
- phase diagram
- thermodynamic modeling
- thermodynamic stability