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A Review to Diagnose Faults Related to Three-Phase Industrial Induction Motors

Abstract

The induction motor is one of the essential components of the industry. In industrial applications, the controllability, protection, and reliability of induction motors are of major concern to reserve energy. Thus, condition monitoring of an induction motor is critical for improving the unit's reliability and, as a result, reducing downtime, labor, reducing energy wastage. Induction motor stator winding and bearing failures account for 37% and 41% of failures, respectively. As the sophisticated controls rely on parameters of the motor, while the protection and reliability depend on continuous and accurate monitoring of the health of the motor. This paper covers the state of the art of parameter estimation and condition monitoring of induction motors in order to help out the industry to minimize energy wastage. In order to assist the exact operation of an induction motor, initially, the fundamentals, structure, and model of an induction motor are explained. Further, this paper covers fault diagnoses that are capable of finding the symptoms of motor failure through the state of the art of parameter estimation. In addition, the medium for the root cause of an induction motor failure is described. Finally, the paper is concluded with what has been done already, the knowledge gap, and the potential of future research.

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Data Availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author, Muhammad Aman Sheikh, upon reasonable request.

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Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the support from Najran University Saudi Arabia and the Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, and Sunway University Malaysia. The APC of the journal was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Republic of Poland (grant no. E-1/2022)

Funding

The research was conducted at the Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cracow University of Technology and Sunway University Malaysia. This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Republic of Poland (Grant no. E-1/2022) and Sunway University REWARDING RESEARCH OUTPUT (RRO) GRTIN-RRO-03–2022.

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Sheikh, M.A., Bakhsh, S.T., Irfan, M. et al. A Review to Diagnose Faults Related to Three-Phase Industrial Induction Motors. J Fail. Anal. and Preven. 22, 1546–1557 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-022-01445-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-022-01445-2

Keywords

  • Induction motor
  • Squirrel cage type
  • Wound type
  • Three phases
  • Faults
  • Electrical faults
  • Mechanical faults