Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 225–232 | Cite as

Corrosion Failure of 304 Stainless Steel Hooks in a Brick Kiln

  • Long Liu
  • Ning Ding
  • Junbo Shi
  • Na Xu
  • Weimin Guo
  • Shen Qu
  • Chi-Man Lawrence Wu
Case History---Peer-Reviewed


Failure analysis was carried out on the stainless steel hooks in a brick kiln to confirm its failure mechanism. The collected evidence indicated that chemical composition of the stainless steel hook was consistent with the standard requirements for 304 stainless steel. The metallographic test showed that the microstructure of the stainless steel hook in the non-damaged areas was normal. However, serious chromium segregation which might be caused by secondary phase formation at the high temperature was found in the damaged material. This dramatically reduced the corrosion resistance of the material. The corrosion elements such as oxygen and sulfur were found playing a major role in the corrosion process. Thus, the failure of the stainless steel hook was induced by corrosion due to the chromium segregation and the existence of corrosive elements including oxygen and sulfur.


Failure analysis Corrosion Stainless steel hook High temperature 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11605106 and 11404192), the Key Research and Development Project of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. 2017GSF220004), the Shandong Province Special Grant for High-Level Overseas Talents (Grant No. tshw20120745), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. ZR2014YL003), the research fund of Shandong Academy of Sciences (2017QN001) and the Basic Research Program of Shandong Academy of Sciences (KEJIHEZI201805).


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© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Research Center of Failure Analysis and Safety AssessmentQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCity University of Hong KongKowloon TongPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Failure Analysis Center, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

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