Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1260–1267 | Cite as

Ballistic Impact Performance Study on Thermoset and Thermoplastic Composites

  • A. Sivagnana Sundaram
  • Akshay Anil Eranezhuth
  • K. V. V. R. Krishna
  • P. Karthic Kumar
  • V. Sivakumar
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Ballistic impact-resistant materials are of interest for the past few decades. Ballistic impact is a high-velocity impact where the target material is perforated by the projectile, such as a bullet hitting on a surface. In this study, the effect of ballistic impact on thermoset composites, Kevlar–Epoxy, Carbon–Epoxy, Glass–Epoxy, and thermoplastic composite, Carbon–Polyetheretherketone, was done. Projectile residual velocity and projectile penetration depth were used to quantify the effectiveness of the composite material to resist perforation. The simulation study was done on ABAQUS-6.13. The study included preliminary fiber orientation studies and selection of the best performing composite with the most effective fiber orientation. Further, the selection of the best performing target material was done by varying target thickness and projectile velocity. In this study, high-performance Carbon–Polyetheretherketone composite showed the most impact resistance.


Ballistic impact Thermoplastic Thermoset ABAQUS Polyetheretherketone 

List of symbols


Young’s modulus for an isotropic material


Poisson’s ratio for an isotropic material


Young’s modulus in direction 1


Young’s modulus in direction 2


Young’s modulus in direction 3


Shear modulus on plane 1-2


Shear modulus on plane 1-3


Shear modulus on plane 2-3


Poisson’s ratio on plane 1-2


Poisson’s ratio on plane 1-3


Poisson’s ratio on plane 2-3


Density of the material


Longitudinal tensile fracture energy


Longitudinal compressive fracture energy


Transverse tensile fracture energy


Transverse compressive fracture energy


Stress components in i-j direction


Allowable tensile strength in X-direction


Allowable tensile strength in Y-direction


Allowable compressive strength in X-direction


Allowable compressive strength in Y-direction


Allowable shear strength in plane 1-2


Allowable shear strength in plane 2-3

δ0 eq

Initial equivalent displacement for a point which fulfills initiation criterion for a particular mode


Displacement in a particular failure mode at which complete damage of the material occurs


Displacement of the material at any given time


Damage variable at any particular mode


Upper bound to all damage variables at a material point


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Sivagnana Sundaram
    • 1
  • Akshay Anil Eranezhuth
    • 1
  • K. V. V. R. Krishna
    • 1
  • P. Karthic Kumar
    • 1
  • V. Sivakumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aerospace Engineering, Amrita School of EngineeringAmrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amrita UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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