Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 93–99 | Cite as

Elimination of Surface Defects in High Tensile Steel for Wheel Rim Application

  • T. K. Roy
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


One of the important applications of high tensile steel grades is in wheel rims by the automotive industry. High tensile steel facilitates vehicle weight reduction under the ‘Go Green’ initiative. Along with weight reduction, in recent times, the surface quality requirement of steels for wheel rim applications has also gained a significant focus, and in many cases, it is becoming the cause of rejection at the customers’ processing line. It is known that owing to chemistry requirements such high strength steel grades generally show peritectic behavior during solidification and are prone to surface defects. Tata Steel India produces several wheel rim grades of varying strength levels. In one such high manganese and micro-alloyed peritectic steel grade, the rejection by the customer on account of surface defects was a major concern. The defects consisted of typical longitudinal cracks of varying dimensions along with the unique defects in transverse direction named tear marks on the surface of 100-mm-thick plates rolled from 215-mm-thick slab. In subsequent stages, these plates were processed into rim profiles through hot working by the wheel customer. The paper highlights how systematic study led to arrive at root causes and helped redesign steel chemistry to ensure zero rejection for surface quality without affecting mechanical property requirements.


Wheel rim grade Thick plate Longitudinal crack Transverse tear mark Micro-alloyed peritecric steel Mold temperature profile 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research and DevelopmentTata SteelJamshedpurIndia

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