Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 975–981 | Cite as

Failure Analysis and Fatigue Investigation on Titanium Tubes in a Condenser

  • Sicong Shen
  • Xinfeng Li
  • Peng Zhang
  • Yanli Nan
  • Xiaolong Song
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


This paper presents an analysis of condenser titanium tube leakage in nuclear power plants. Chemical compositions, mechanical properties, metallographic structures, and microscopic morphologies were analyzed. The results show that the titanium tube leakage was mainly caused by fatigue failure on the basis of the fatigue fracture features. Fatigue tests had been carried out in both air and steam environments, and the fatigue resistance of titanium tubes decreased distinctly in a steam environment. Based on the investigations, proper recommendations have been proposed to enhance the prevention of fatigue fracture of titanium tubes in condensers.


Titanium tube Failure analysis Fatigue Prevention 



This research was financially supported by the Doctoral Research Assistant Foundation of Xi′an Jiaotong University.


  1. 1.
    Q. Liu, M. Shi, K. Jiang, New power generation technology options under the greenhouse gases mitigation scenario in China. Energy Policy 37, 2440–2449 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Q. Wang, China needing a cautious approach to nuclear power strategy. Energy Policy 37, 2487–2491 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Zhou, C. Rengifo, P. Chen, J. Hinze, Is China ready for its nuclear expansion? Energy Policy 39, 771–781 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.J. Chen, C. Yao, Z.G. Yang, Failure analysis on abnormal wall thinning of heat-transfer titanium tubes of condensers in nuclear power plant part I: corrosion and wear. Eng. Fail. Anal. 37, 29–41 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.J. Chen, C. Yao, Z.G. Yang, Failure analysis on abnormal wall thinning of heat-transfer titanium tubes of condensers in nuclear power plant Part II: Erosion and cavitation corrosion. Eng. Fail. Anal. 37, 42–52 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.M. Shalaby, H. Al-Mazeedi, H. Gopal, N. Tanoli, Failure of titanium condenser tube. Eng. Fail. Anal. 18, 1990–1997 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    ASTM, B338, Standard specification for seamless and welded titanium and titanium alloy tubes for condensers and heat exchangers.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.R. Das, A.K. Bhaduri, S.K. Ray, Fatigue failure of a fillet welded nozzle joint. Eng. Fail. Anal. 10, 667–674 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.S. Al Jabbari, R. Fournelle, G. Ziebert, J. Toth, A.M. Iacopino, Mechanical behavior and failure analysis of prosthetic retaining screws after long-term use in vivo. Part 4: failure analysis of 10 fractured retaining screws retrieved from three patients. J. Prosthodont. 17, 201–210 (2008).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.H. Hsu, Fatigue cracking of titanium tubes in an industrial heat exchanger. J. Mater. Eng. 10, 57–60 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sicong Shen
    • 1
  • Xinfeng Li
    • 1
  • Peng Zhang
    • 1
  • Yanli Nan
    • 1
  • Xiaolong Song
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of MaterialsXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations