Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 364–369 | Cite as

Fracture Failure of 304 Stainless Steel Connectors on the Isolating Switches

  • Xiaofeng Wu
  • Junbo Shi
  • Ning Ding
  • Weimin Guo
  • Na Xu
  • Qishan Zang
  • Chi-Man Lawrence Wu
Case History---Peer-Reviewed


The failure mechanism of the connectors assembled on the isolating switches was analyzed. Under SEM examination, the fracture surface showed obvious crack propagation traces. Beach marks with a reverse bending pattern were found on the fracture surface. Fatigue striations, which were the micro-evidence of fatigue, were observed clearly on the propagation zone. Both the metallurgical examinations and XRD analysis showed that the material of the connector only contained the austenite phase. The collected evidence suggests that that failure of the connectors was induced by fatigue. The vibration of the specimen during transport was the most probable source of the alternating stress. The stretching assembly stress of the connector could increase the fatigue stress ratios of the specimen. Defects existing in the material might destroy the continuity of the material substrate and reduce the fatigue performance of the material.


Fatigue 304 Stainless steel Fracture Connector Reverse bending pattern 



This work was supported by a grant from the Shandong Province Special Grant for High-Level Overseas Talents (Grant No. tshw20120745), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11404192), the Research Award Fund for Outstanding Young and Middle-aged Scientists of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. BS2014CL002), the Science and Technology Activities Foundation of China for Returned Personnel, and the research fund of Shandong Academy of Sciences.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center of Failure Analysis and Engineering Safety AssessmentShandong Academy of SciencesJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Materials ScienceCity University of Hong KongHong Kong SARPeople’s Republic of China

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