Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 401–406 | Cite as

Failure Analysis of Type 1.4301 Stainless Steel in a Cooling Water System

  • Chao Guo
  • Ming Li
  • Quanfeng Shen
  • Biao Tian
  • Shan Gao
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Pitting of Type 1.4301 stainless steel pipe in a brackish cooling water system was studied. The results showed that pitting of the Type 1.4301 stainless steel occurred when the water temperature was more than 40 °C, and the introduction of Fe2+ or Fe3+ with concentrated chloride ions led to more severe corrosion in this cooling water system.


Type 1.4301 stainless steel Pitting Temperature Chloride Brackish water 



We are thankful to the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) for the fund support (2012GJTC-01-07-02) of the research.


  1. 1.
    M.A.M. Ibrahim, S.S. Abd El Rehim, M.M. Hamza, Corrosion behavior of some austenitic stainless steels in chloride environments. Mater. Chem. Phys. 115, 80–85 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Kekkonen, P. Aaltonen, H. Hänninen, Metallurgical effects on the corrosion resistance of a low temperature sensitized welded AISI Type 1.4301 Stainless Steel. Corros. Sci. 25, 821–836 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.J. Jiménez-Come, E. Muñoz, R. García, V. Matres, M.L. Martín, F. Trujillo, I. Turias, Pitting corrosion behaviour of austenitic stainless steel using artificial intelligence techniques. J. Appl. Logic. 10, 291–297 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Maier, G.S. Frankel, Pitting corrosion of bare stainless steel 1.4301 under chloride solution droplets. J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, C302–C312 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Ernst, R.C. Newman, Pit growth studies in stainless steel foils. II. Effect of temperature, chloride concentration and sulphate addition. Corros. Sci. 44, 943–954 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Laitinen, Localized corrosion of stainless steel in chloride, sulfate and thiosulfate containing environments. Corros. Sci. 42, 421–441 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    World Health Organization, Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 4th edn. (WHO Press, Switzerland, 2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.E. Al-Rawajfeh, H. Glade, J. Ulrich, Scaling in multiple-effect distillers: the role of CO2 release. Desalination 182, 209–219 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V.A. Prisyazhniuk, Prognosticating scale-forming properties of water. Appl. Therm. Eng. 27, 1637–1641 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.J. Santana Rodríguez, F.J. Santana Hernández, J.E. González González, Comparative study of the behaviour of AISI 1.4301 SS in a natural seawater hopper, in sterile media and with SRB using electrochemical techniques and SEM. Corros. Sci. 48, 1265–1278 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Guo
    • 1
  • Ming Li
    • 1
  • Quanfeng Shen
    • 1
  • Biao Tian
    • 1
  • Shan Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.China Petroleum Engineering and Construction CorporationBeijingPR China

Personalised recommendations