Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 952–957 | Cite as

Mitigation of the Wear Failure of Ti-6Al-4V Dental Biomedical Implant by Isothermal Treatment

  • M. Abdulwahab
  • O. Enechukwu
  • V. S. Aigbodion
  • S. A. Yaro
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been in use as dental implants till date because of its favorable mechanical properties. However, it wears off over a period of time in the oral cavity. Bearing this problem in mind, this research aims at mitigating the wear failure of Ti-6Al-4V dental implant via isothermal treatment. The as-received Ti-6Al-4V was cut and machined into 30 mm × 25 mm × 3 mm for abrasive wear samples. The samples were solution heat-treated at 960 °C accompanied by the aging process at 480 °C for varying soaking times of 2, 4, 6, and 8 h. The samples for wear analysis were subjected to abrasive wear using a three-body abrasive wear test machine with varying loads of 5 and 15 N, and silica sand was used as the abrasive medium. From the result, the wear rate of the heat-treated titanium alloy increased with the applied load, and the samples aged for 8 h showed 99 and 98% wear resistance at 5 and 15 N, respectively. In the present study, it was established that isothermal aging can be employed to enhance the wear resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy for use in biomedical applications.

Keywords

Ti-6Al-4V alloy Dental implant Wear scar Biomedical 

References

  1. 1.
    A. Srivastav, An Overview of Metallic Biomaterials for Bone Support and Replacement, Biomedical Engineering, Trends in Materials Science, ed. by A. Laskovski (InTech, 2011). http://www.intechopen.com/books/biomedical-engineering-trends-in-materialsscience/An-overview-of-metallic-biomaterials-for-bone-support-and-replacement.
  2. 2.
    V.M.T. Barao, M.T. Mathew, W.G. Assuncao, J.C.C. Yuan, M.A. Wimmer, C. Sukotjo, Stability of cp-Ti and Ti6Al4V alloy for dental implants as a function of saliva pH, an electrochemical study. Clin. Oral Implant Res. 23, 1055–1062 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.F. Barbosa, S.T. Button, Microstructure and mechanical behaviour of isothermally forged Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part L 214, 23–31 (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Aparicioa, F.J. Gil, C. Fonseca, M. Barbosa, J.A. Planell, Corrosion behavior of commercially pure Ti shot blasted with different materials and sizes of shot particles for dental implant applications. Biomaterials 24, 263–275 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C.B. Correa, J.R. Pires, R.B. Fernandes-Filho, R. Sartori, L.G. Vaz, Fatigue and fluoride corrosion on streptococcus mutans adherence to titanium-based implant/component surfaces. J. Prosthodont. 18, 382–387 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Diomidis, S. Mischler, N.S. More, M. Roy, Tribo-electrochemical characterization of metallic biomaterials for total joint replacement. Acta Biomater. 8(2), 852–859 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.K. Smith, Orthopedic biomaterials systemic aspects of metallic implant degradation, in Biomaterials in Reconstructive Surgery, ed. by L. Rubin (CV Mosby, St Louis, 1983), p. 229Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Hermawan, D. Ramdan, J.R.P. Djuansjah, Metals for Biomedical Applications, Biomedical Engineering—from Theory to Applications, ed. by R. Fazel (InTech, 2011). http://www.intechopen.com/books/biomedical-engineering-from-theory-toapplications/metals-for-biomedical-applications.
  9. 9.
    J.P. Li, P. Habibovic, M. Van Den Doel, C.E. Wilson, J.R. De Wijn, C.A. Van Blitterswijk, K. De Groot, Bone in growth in porous Ti implants produced by 3D fiber deposition. Biomaterials 28, 2810–2869 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N.A. Mariano, R.G. Oliveira, M.A. Fernandes, E.C.S. Rigo, Corrosion behavior of pure titanium in artificial saliva solution. Materio (Rio de J) 14(2), 635–970 (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.S. Morais, G.G. Serra, C.A. Muller, L.R. Andrade, E.F.A. Palermo, C.N. Elias, M. Meyers, Titanium alloy mini-implants for orthodontic anchorage: immediate loading and metal ion release. Acta Biomater. 3, 331–339 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    B.N. Mordyuk, G.I. Prokopenko, M.A. Vasylyev, M.O. Iefimov, Effect of structure evolution induced by ultrasonic peening on the corrosion behavior of AISI-321 stainless steel. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 458, 253–265 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.P.I. Popoola, O.F. Ochonogor, M. Abdulwahab, S. Pityana, C. Meacock, Microhardness and wear behaviour of surface modified Ti6Al4V/Zr-TiC metal matrix composite for advanced materials. J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 14(11–12), 991–997 (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reza Shoja Razavi and Gholam Reza Gordani, A review of the corrosion of laser nitride Ti-6Al-4V. Anti Corros. Methods Mater. 58(3), 140–154 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.P. Serro, B. Saramago, Influence of sterilization on the mineralization of Ti implants induced by incubation in various biological model fluids. Biomaterials 24, 4749–4779 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Abdulwahab
    • 1
  • O. Enechukwu
    • 1
  • V. S. Aigbodion
    • 2
  • S. A. Yaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringAhmadu Bello UniversityZariaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

Personalised recommendations