Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 892–905 | Cite as

Safety Integrity Evaluation of a Butane Tank Overpressure Evacuation System According to IEC 61508 Standard

Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed
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Abstract

IEC 61508 standard provides a structured approach relying on hazards identification in order to establish safety requirements for safety instrumented systems (SISs). It aims at designing and operating the SIS within a reliability confidence that meets these requirements. The object of this paper is to give a concise description of IEC 61508 approach and to demonstrate it for the evaluation of safety barriers intervening against overpressure implemented on a butane storage tank. Specifically, the risk graph and layer of protection analysis approaches suggested in IEC 61508 for the determination of safety requirements are illustrated. In addition, it is shown that the use of more elaborate reliability approaches, such as fault tree and Markov graph, could be required for an effective risk assessment process. Actually, these approaches allow to consider the real configuration and operating conditions of the studied system.

Keywords

Safety instrumented system Safety integrity level Probability of failure on demand Overpressure evacuation system Fault tree 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ElectromechanicsBadji Mokhtar UniversityAnnabaAlgeria
  2. 2.Department of Production and Quality EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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