Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 737–743 | Cite as

Finite Element Analysis of Lift Arm of a MF-285 Tractor Three-Point Hitch

  • Esmaeel Seyedabadi
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Knowledge about the safety of agricultural machines can be useful for reducing the physical damages and financial losses incurred by the farmers. In this study, VisualNastran desktop software was used to analyze the mechanism of three-point hitch in MF-285 tractor. Two different load cases (lifting a usual plow and maximum hydraulic lifting capacity) were studied. Neither accidental nor exceptional load cases were examined here. The finite element method was used to estimate the stress distribution and factor of safety of lift arm in SolidWorks software. The FEA results show that the maximum values of the von MISES equivalent stress for both examinated load cases are, respectively, 79 and 367 Mpa for lifting a usual plow (500 kg) and maximum hydraulic lifting capacity (2230 kg). The lift arm is safe enough for lifting of a usual plow but it may be failed when the three-point hitch works with maximum hydraulic lifting capacity. It is recommended to revise the design and construction process of the lift arm or limit the lifting capacity to 1430 kg weight.


Finite element method Lift arm VisualNastran desktop Mechanism analysis Three-point hitch Safety 


  1. 1.
    ASAE Standards, S217.12, 48th ed. Three-point free link attachment for hitching implements to agricultural wheel tractors, ASAE (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.S. Rao, Finite element analysis in engineering, 4th edn. (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Yılmaz, I. Akinci, M. Canakci, Failure and failure analysis on machine element. Natl. Agric. Mech. Congr. Proc. Harran Univ. 20, 568–572 (2001)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Plouffe, C. Lague, S. Tessier, M.J. Richard, N.B. McLaughlin, Moldboard plow performance in a clay soil: simulations and experiment. Trans. ASAE 42(6), 1531–1539 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N.H. Abu-Hamdeh, R.C. Reeder, A nonlinear 3D finite element analysis of the soil forces acting on a disk plow. Soil Tillage Res. 74(2), 115–124 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Rasekh, M.R. Asadi, A. Jafari, K. Kheiralipour, Obtaining maximum stresses in different parts of tractor (MF-285) connecting rods using finite element method. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 3(2), 1438–1449 (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Mirehei, M.H. Zadeh, A. Jafari, M. Omid, Fatigue analysis of connecting rod of universal tractor through finite element method (ANSYS). J. Agric. Technol. 4(2), 21–27 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    I. Akinci, D. Yilmaz, M. Canakci, Failure of a rotary tiller spur gear. Eng. Fail. Anal. 12(3), 400–404 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Yilmaz, H.K. Celik, I. Akinci, Finite element analysis of a failure in rear-mounted mower pulley. J. Food Agric. Environ. 7, 856–868 (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Jafari, M. Khanali, H. Mobli, A. Rajabipour, Stress analysis of front axle of JD 955 combine harvester under static loading. J. Agric. Soc. Sci. 2(3), 133–135 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H.K. Celik, D. Yilmaz, N. Unal, I. Akinci, Failure analysis of a location axle in tracked tractor. J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 9(3), 282–287 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G.K. Nanaware, M.J. Pable, Failures of rear axle shafts of 575 DI tractors. Eng. Fail. Anal. 10(6), 719–724 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Mohsenimanesh, S.M. Ward, M.D. Gilchrist, Stress analysis of a multi-laminated tractor tyre using non-linear 3D finite element analysis. Mater. Des. 30(4), 1124–1132 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M.J. Ryken, J.M. Vance, Applying virtual reality techniques to the interactive stress analysis of a tractor lift arm. Finite Elem. Anal. Des. 35(2), 141–155 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Anonymous, MF-285 Maintenance and Repayments catalogue, Iran Manufacturing Tractor Co (2000).
  16. 16.
    SolidWorks, Dassault Systems SolidWorks Corp., Concord, MA, USA (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    MSC VisualNastran Desktop user’s manual, MSC VisualNastran Desktop, MSC Software (2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R.J. Davids, M.K. Mills, R.S. Lampman, ASM Handbook: Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High-Performance Alloys, vol. 1, 7th edn. (ASM International, Materials Park, 2005)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.R. Davis, Metals Handbook, 4th edn. (ASM International, Materials Park, 2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of ZabolZabolIran

Personalised recommendations