Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 657–661 | Cite as

Investigation of Leakage on Water Wall Tube in a 660 MW Supercritical Boiler

  • M. Nurbanasari
  • Abdurrachim
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


The leakage of a supercritical boiler tube has been investigated. The leakage was observed during a working pressure hydrostatic test under 40.1 MPa. The internal geometry of the investigated leaking tube was multi-lead ribbed tube. Various methods for investigation namely radiography, microstructural analysis using optical and scanning electron microscopes, Vickers hardness testing and chemical analysis were conducted to investigate the main cause of leakage. The results revealed that the material tube met the standard for supercritical boiler tube (ASTM A 213 Grade T12). From the microstructural analysis, there was a crack, which initiated from the outer wall adjacent to the weld metal and propagated to the inner wall of the tube. The crack was due to a weld defect known as “excessive melt through” which is due to overheating during the welding process in joining the tubes. It is suggested that control of welding process parameters must be accomplished during fabrication to make a furnace wall, and placing strip of steel between the tubes to reduce the fit-up gap should be considered.


Supercritical boiler tube Leakage Multi-lead ribbed tube Microstructure 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringInstitut Teknologi Nasional, BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringInstitute Technology of BandungBandungIndonesia

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