Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 684–688 | Cite as

Failure Analysis of Motor Tire Bead Wires During Torsion Test

  • Souvik Das
  • Prashant Koli
  • Jitendra Mathur
  • Arthita Dey
  • Tanmay Bhattacharyya
  • Sandip Bhattacharyya
Case History---Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

Torsion testing is used to determine the quality of steel wire used for motor tire beads in pneumatic tires. These steel wires must have good-tensile strength so that the tire bead can support the finished tire safely, and yet retain adequate ductility to deform easily around the forming wheel. The present paper highlights premature failure of bead wire which failed during torsion test. Torsion property is one of the important parameters of tire bead as it monitors both the metallurgical soundness and surface quality of a drawn wire. From the analysis, it has been concluded that probable reason for premature failure is due to strain aging (dynamic and static) caused by interstitial atoms which bounds the mobile dislocations resulting in increases yield strength and decreases bead formability. Moreover, the microstructural study indicates that failed specimen has misaligned and broken lamella of pearlite with globular cementite which creates the array of voids. These voids hinder the rotation of pearlite during torsion test thus leading to brittle fracture.

Keywords

Motor tire bead Torsion Interstitial atoms Globular cementite 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Souvik Das
    • 1
  • Prashant Koli
    • 1
  • Jitendra Mathur
    • 1
  • Arthita Dey
    • 1
  • Tanmay Bhattacharyya
    • 1
  • Sandip Bhattacharyya
    • 1
  1. 1.Metallurgical Laboratories, R&D and Scientific ServicesTata Steel LimitedJamshedpurIndia

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