Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 377–380 | Cite as

The Combination of Electron Backscatter Diffraction and Focus Ion Beam Microscopy to Determine Three-Dimensional Grain Orientation

  • William M. Kane
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


The use of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) to determine crystallographic grain orientations of polycrystalline metals is well known, a technique known as orientation imaging microscopy. A limitation of this technique is that the orientation maps represent a two-dimensional slice through the material microstructure. The orientation of interface planes between adjacent grain boundaries is necessarily unknown. The previous techniques for reconstructing three-dimensional (3D) microstructures relied on macroscopic serial sectioning of a sample and subsequent reimaging. The process was difficult and time consuming. Like EBSD, the use of focus ion beam microscopy to observe individual grains and the boundaries between adjacent grains using ion-channeling contrast is also well known. In this study, the abilities to locate and locally machine a grain boundary are used to determine additional 3D orientation from polycrystalline structures in both intact and partially fractured microstructures.


Electron microscopy Intergranular cracking Focused ion beam Orientation imaging microscopy Electron backscatter diffraction 



A part of this research was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Grant No. DE-FG02-01ER45924.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Exponent Failure Analysis AssociatesPhiladelphiaUSA

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