Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 227–240 | Cite as

Multiple Sinusoidal Vibration Test Development for Engine Mounted Components

  • Liang Wang
  • Yung-Li Lee
  • Robert Burger
  • Keyu Li
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Durability testing is required before vehicle launching to prevent failure before designed life. Limited publications were found on specifying vibration testing to validate durability and reliability of engine mounted components. These published test methods did not consider engine firing order effects and oversimplified the vibration profiles. In this paper, a new ordered multiple sinusoidal vibration test method is proposed to improve the existing procedures. The test method is designed to fulfill an infinite life durability requirement for engine mounted components subjected to a four-stroke internal combustion engine vibration. An innovative test development procedure, based on engine vibration field data, is illustrated in details in this paper. The ordered multiple sinusoidal vibration test method covers the choice of sweep type, sweep time, frequency range, vibration magnitude and profile, and test duration. Instead of obtaining the vibration magnitude directly from order analysis results, vibration magnitudes are determined by fully analyzing the vibration data in both time domain and frequency domain. Test profiles designed by enveloping method are proposed for a better represent of the engine excitations.


Durability analysis Failure prevention Sinusoidal vibration test Engine excitation Development 



The authors acknowledge the product and technical support from HBM-nCode’s. L. Wang acknowledges the scholarship from China Scholarship Council.


  1. 1.
    Jayahari, L., Praveen, G.: Correlation of sinusoidal sweep test to field random vibrations. Master thesis, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hu, J.M.: Method to specify sinusoidal vibration tests for product durability validation. U. S. Patent 5565618 (1996)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hu, J.M.: Computer program, system and method to specify sinusoidal vibration tests for product durability validation. U. S. Patent 5847259 (1998)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, Y.L., Polehna, D., Kang, H.T.: Fatigue damage severity calculation for vibration tests. J. Test. Eval. 38(6), 707–716 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee Y.L., Pan Y.L., Hathaway, R., Barkey, M.: Fatigue Testing and Analysis: Theory and Practice, Chap. 10. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, London (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee, Y.L., Barkey, M.E., Kang, H.: Metal Fatigue Analysis Handbook: Practical Problem-Solving Techniques for Computer-Aided Engineering, Chap. 9. Elsevier, Oxford (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fibre Optic Interconnecting Devices and Passive Components- Basic Test and Measurement Procedures—Part 2-1: Tests Vibration (Sinusoidal). IEC Standard 61300-2-1, International Electrotechnical Commission (2004)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Napolitano, K., Linehan, D.: Multiple sine sweep excitation for ground vibration tests. In: Proceedings of the 27th Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, Orlando, Florida, 2009Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A New MIMO Sine Testing Technique for Accelerated, High Quality FRF Measurements. LMS International, Leuven (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sinusoidal vibration. NASA Practice PT-TE-1406, NASA (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Road Vehicles-Environmental Conditions And Testing For Electrical And Electronic Equipment—Part 3: Mechanical loads. ISO Standard 16750-3. International Organization for Standardization (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Reilly, T.J.: Multi Frequency Swept Sine Testing for Automotive Durability Testing of Engine Mounted Components. SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1658Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harris, C.M., Piersol, A.G.: Harris’ Shock and Vibration Handbook, Chap. 20. McGraw-Hill, New York (2002)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    De Silva, C.W.: Vibration: Fundamentals and Practice, Chap. 8. CRC Press, New York (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Automotive Vehicles Recording Equipment in Road Vehicles (tachograph). AIS Standard 059. The Automotive Research Association of India, Pune (2005)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Test on the “or Gate”-Cern-NP Type N4132. Technical Report No. 11. European Organization for Nuclear Research, Meyrin (1967)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Curtis, A.J., Tlnllng, N.G., Abstein, H.T.: Selection and performance of vibration tests. Hughes Aircraft Company, Fullerton (1971)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cronin, D.L.: Response Spectra for Sweeping Sinusoidal Excitations. Shock Vib. Bull. 38(1), 133–139 (1968)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lalanne, C.: Mechanical Vibration and Shock Analysis: Sinusoidal Vibration, Chap. 4. ISTE Ltd., London (2009)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    HalfPenny, A., Walton, T.C.: New techniques for vibration qualification of vibrating equipment on aircraft. In: Proceedings Aircraft Airworthiness & Sustainment 2010, Austin, TexasGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Piersol, A.G.: Accelerated vibration testing-proceed with caution. Tustin Training News (1993)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Technical Report on Low Cycle Fatigue Properties Ferrous and Non-Ferrous of Materials. SAE Standard J1099. SAE International, Seoul (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Wang
    • 1
  • Yung-Li Lee
    • 2
  • Robert Burger
    • 2
  • Keyu Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringOakland UniversityRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Stress Laboratory & Durability DevelopmentChrysler Group LLCAuburn HillsUSA

Personalised recommendations