Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 710–717 | Cite as

Failure Analysis of Howell-Bunger Valve Using Finite Element Method

  • Farid Vakili-Tahami
  • Mohammad Zehsaz
  • Mohammad-Ali Saeimi-Sadigh
  • Amin Paykani
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Fixed-cone (Howell-Bunger) valves have been in wide use for many years for flow control. These valves may face different types of damages and failures due to vibrational stresses during operation. In this study, a number of modal analyses of a Howell-Bunger (DN: 1000 mm) valve were conducted using the Finite Element Method (FEM), and its natural frequencies with vibrational mode shapes in five cases including fully opened, 20-, 40-, and 80%-opening conditions were determined; subsequently, the dimensionless coefficient “Mercer” was obtained for the valve. The result showed that the operating point of the valve is the flow rate of 16 m3/s and valve opening degree of 40%; in this case, due to reinforcement resulting from moving shell, the structure strength against vibration increases, and as a result, natural frequency increases as well.


Failure Howell-Bunger valve Modal analysis Natural frequency 



Mercer dimensionless coefficient


Nominal diameter of valve, m


Young’s module, Pa


Natural frequency, Hz


Passing flow rate of fluid, m3/s


Thickness of the vane, m


Fluid velocity, m/s


Density, kg/m3



The authors are grateful for technical and financial support provided by the Mechanic AB Co.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farid Vakili-Tahami
    • 1
  • Mohammad Zehsaz
    • 1
  • Mohammad-Ali Saeimi-Sadigh
    • 2
  • Amin Paykani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tabriz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTabrizIran

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