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Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 455–465 | Cite as

Failure Analysis and Prevention of Fires and Explosions with Plastic Gasoline Containers

  • Glen Stevick
  • Joseph Zicherman
  • David Rondinone
  • Allan Sagle
Feature

Abstract

Explosions and fire incidents involving portable plastic gasoline containers manufactured for consumer use are known to occur frequently and are verified in databases, engineering literature, legal briefs, and newspapers. This project studied such incidents and presents findings from a comprehensive test program documenting conditions under which such incidents occur. Factors controlling resultant vapor headspace compositions and headspace ignitions and/or explosion occurrences include the following: mass of gasoline in relation to a particular container size, ambient temperature, and “age” of stored gasoline samples. Experimental results also demonstrated the effectiveness of flame arrestors to eliminate risk of explosion.

Keywords

Portable plastic gasoline containers Aging Explosion Flame arrestor  Flame arrester Hydrocarbon vapor ASTM F 852-86 ASTM F 839-06 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glen Stevick
    • 1
  • Joseph Zicherman
    • 2
  • David Rondinone
    • 1
  • Allan Sagle
    • 1
  1. 1.Berkeley Engineering and ResearchBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Fire Cause AnalysisBerkeleyUSA

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