Fatigue Failure of Extrusion Dies: Effect of Process Parameters and Design Features on Die Life
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Analysis of die failure plays an important role in the prediction and prevention of die failure, and subsequently in improving economics of any metal-forming process. Industrial experience has shown that fracture is the most common mode of failure in the case of hot aluminum extrusion dies. The purpose of the present work is to implement fatigue damage models in a Finite Element code for identification of critical process parameters and die design features in the case of fatigue being the dominating failure mode. For the maximum number of billets extruded by the die before fatigue crack initiation (fatigue life cycles in extrusion), Morrow’s stress- and strain-life damage models are implemented for axisymmetric flat extrusion die. With the help of finite element software ABAQUS, extrusion process is simulated and dynamic stress and strain values were obtained by first identifying the potential fatigue location in the die. The evaluation of applicability of the damage models is done for specific hot extrusion die made of H13 steels with Al-6063 as billet material. By considering temperature and strain rate as process parameters and bearing length and fillet radius of the die as geometric features, different simulation runs are performed to investigate the effect of process and design features on the useful die life. Morrow’s stress life model shows a good correspondence between computed and actual failure of dies. By establishing correlations of die life with process and design parameters under different conditions, it was shown that the present investigation is a useful guideline at die design and extrusion process stages.
KeywordsFatigue analysis Extrusion die FE simulation Critical parameters
The authors acknowledge the support of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, for this work through project # SB080002.
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