Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 444–460 | Cite as

Effect of Ammonia and Sulphide Environment on 90/10 and 70/30 Cupronickel Alloy

  • D. C. Agarwal
  • A. M. Bapat
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Copper nickel alloys 90/10 and 70/30 are used extensively in saltwater systems operating on marine platforms and offer high corrosion and biofouling resistance. However, systems using these materials were reported to fail prematurely. Preliminary investigations revealed pollution of harbor waters with tangible levels of ammonia and sulphides which was reported to be the primary cause of failure. The present author(s) have performed laboratory and field investigations to identify the stress-material-environment interaction of the copper nickel alloys extensively in use on seawater system of marine platforms. Results obtained point to the fact that polluted seawaters can affect the material properties of the alloy leading to premature failure(s) of systems at stresses well below the designed stress. The paper presents the correlation of the results of the laboratory and field tests of 90/10 and 70/30 copper–nickel alloys in seawaters polluted with ammonia and sulphide pollutants.


Accelerated corrosion testing Brittle fracture Mechanical property estimation Environmentally assisted cracking SEM Stress corrosion cracking Embrittlement Laboratory simulations 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Defence Institute of Advanced TechnologyPuneIndia

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