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Characterization and High-Temperature Fretting Wear Resistance of HVOF-Sprayed Cr3C2-NiCr, CoCrWC and CoCrWNiC Hardfacing Coatings

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Abstract

In the present study, Cr3C2-25wt%NiCr, CoCrWC (Stellite-6) and CoCrWC (FSX 414) coatings were deposited by the high-velocity oxy-fuel process on Hastelloy X substrates. The microstructure of the coatings was characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction was employed to identify the phase composition of the coatings. Tensile bond strength, elastic modulus and Vickers microhardness of the coatings were measured. A self-mated fretting wear test was also carried out on the coatings at room temperature and 550 °C. The results showed that some carbide dissolution occurred during the formation of Cr3C2-NiCr coating, although the coating displayed the highest bonding strength, Vickers microhardness and elastic modulus. The Stellite-6 coating showed a significant amount of unmelted particles and the most surface roughness. Oxide stringers were the main microstructural defect of the FSX 414 coating. The Stellite-6 and Cr3C2-NiCr coating had the best fretting wear resistance at the temperature of 25 and 550 °C, respectively. The wear mechanisms of the hardfacing coatings were discussed in detail.

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Acknowledgments

The authors wish to express their gratitude to Mehdi Baghaei for his cooperation in fretting wear tests.

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Correspondence to Pejman Zamani.

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Zamani, P., Ghasemi, R., Torabi, S. et al. Characterization and High-Temperature Fretting Wear Resistance of HVOF-Sprayed Cr3C2-NiCr, CoCrWC and CoCrWNiC Hardfacing Coatings. J Therm Spray Tech 31, 2157–2171 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11666-022-01431-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11666-022-01431-y

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