Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 398–408 | Cite as

Super-Hydrophobic Surface Prepared by Lanthanide Oxide Ceramic Deposition Through PS-PVD Process

  • Jie Li
  • Cheng-Xin LiEmail author
  • Qing-Yu Chen
  • Jiu-Tao Gao
  • Jun Wang
  • Guan-Jun Yang
  • Chang-Jiu Li
Peer Reviewed


Super-hydrophobic surface has received widespread attention in recent years. Both the surface morphology and chemical composition have significant impact on hydrophobic performance. A novel super-hydrophobic surface based on plasma spray-vapor deposition was introduced in the present paper. Samaria-doped ceria, which has been proved as an intrinsic hydrophobic material, was used as feedstock material. Additionally, in order to investigate the influence of surface free energy on the hydrophobicity, chemical modification by low surface free energy materials including stearic acid and 1,1,2,2-tetrahydroperfluorodecyltrimethoxysilane (FAS) was used on coating surface. Scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to characterize the coating surface. The results show that the obtained surface has a hierarchical structure composed by island-like structures agglomerated with angular-like sub-micrometer-sized particles. Moreover, with the surface free energy decreases, the hydrophobic property of the surface improves gradually. The water contact angle of the as-sprayed coating surface increases from 110° to 148° after modification by stearic acid and up to 154° by FAS. Furthermore, the resultant surface with super-hydrophobicity exhibits an excellent stability.


coating PS-PVD samaria-doped ceria super-hydrophobicity 



This work was supported by National Basic Research Program of China (2012CB625100) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51342003).


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jie Li
    • 1
  • Cheng-Xin Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qing-Yu Chen
    • 1
  • Jiu-Tao Gao
    • 1
  • Jun Wang
    • 1
  • Guan-Jun Yang
    • 1
  • Chang-Jiu Li
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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