Numerical Simulation of Droplet Impact on Patterned Surfaces


This work presents numerical simulation results for molten nickel and zirconia (YZS) droplets impacting on different microscale-patterned surfaces of silicon. The numerical simulation clearly showed the effect of surface roughness and solidification on the shape of the final splat, as well as the pore creation beneath the sprayed material. Simulations were performed using computational fluid dynamic software, SimDrop. The code uses a three-dimensional finite-difference algorithm solving the full Navier-Stokes equation, including heat transfer and phase change. A volume of fluid (VOF) tracking algorithm is used to track the droplet-free surface. Thermal contact resistance at the droplet-substrate interface is also included in the model. Specific attention is paid to the simulation of droplet impact under plasma spraying conditions. Droplet sizes ranged from 15 to 60 microns with initial velocities of 70-250 m/s. Substrate surfaces were patterned with regular arrays of cubes 1-3 μm high, spaced either 1 μm or 5 μm from each other. Different splat morphologies produced by simulations are compared with those obtained from the experiment conducted under the same impact and surface conditions.

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Correspondence to H.B. Parizi.

Additional information

This article is an invited paper selected from presentations at the 2007 International Thermal Spray Conference and has been expanded from the original presentation. It is simultaneously published in Global Coating Solutions, Proceedings of the 2007 International Thermal Spray Conference, Beijing, China, May 14-16, 2007, Basil R. Marple, Margaret M. Hyland, Yuk-Chiu Lau, Chang-Jiu Li, Rogerio S. Lima, and Ghislain Montavon, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 2007.

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Parizi, H., Rosenzweig, L., Mostaghimi, J. et al. Numerical Simulation of Droplet Impact on Patterned Surfaces. J Therm Spray Tech 16, 713–721 (2007).

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  • droplet impact
  • numerical simulation
  • patterned surface
  • solidification
  • thermal spray coating