This paper presents a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamic) study and experimental results concerning a rotating twin wire-arc spray process for the production of coatings on engine cylinder bores. In this process, the wire atomization is performed using a gas injection coaxially with the cylinder axis. The thermal spray tool is equipped with a deviation head rotating around the cylinder axis and allowing deflecting the droplet spray perpendicularly to the cylinder surface. The initial deviation head was found to be not sufficiently efficient so that a new deviation head incorporating an inclined slot was designed and used. Both CFD results and experiments showed that this new deviation head is more efficient. Moreover, it allowed increasing the coating bond-strength up to the specifications imposed by PSA Peugeot-Citroen. The present article shows that the wire-arc spray technology may replace efficiently the Atmospheric Plasma Spray (APS) for the thermal spray of coatings on engine cylinder bores. Moreover, it shows how CFD may help in solving industrial problems. In particular, the FLUENT CFD code was used in order to perform improvements of the deviation head design.
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This article was originally published in Global Coating Solutions, Proceedings of the 2007 International Thermal Spray Conference, Beijing, China, May 14-16, 2007, Basil R. Marple, Margaret M. Hyland, Yuk-Chiu Lau, Chang-Jiu Li, Rogerio S. Lima, and Ghislain Montavon, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, 2007.
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Bolot, R., Liao, H., Mateus, C. et al. Optimization of a Rotating Twin Wire-Arc Spray Gun. J Therm Spray Tech 16, 783–790 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11666-007-9077-9
- computational fluid dynamics
- internal thermal spray
- twin wire-arc