Structural and Mechanical Properties of the ZrC/Ni-Nanodiamond Coating Synthesized by the PVD and Electroplating Processes for the Cutting Knifes

  • V. Chayeuski
  • V. Zhylinski
  • O. Cernashejus
  • N. Visniakov
  • G. Mikalauskas


In this work, combined gradient ZrC/Ni-nanodiamond ultradispersed diamonds (UDD) coatings were synthesized on the surface of knife blades made of hard alloy WC-2 wt.% Co by electroplating and cathode arc evaporation PVD techniques to increase the durability period of a wood-cutting milling tool. The microstructure, phase and elemental composition, microhardness, and adhesion strength of the coatings were investigated. Ni-UDD layer is not mixed with the ZrC coating and hard alloy substrate. Cobalt is present in Ni-UDD layer after deposition of ZrC. The ZrC/Ni-nanodiamond coating consists of separate phases of zirconium carbide (ZrC), α-Ni, and Ni-UDD. The maximum value of microhardness of the Ni-nanodiamond coating is 5.9 GPa. The microhardness value of the ZrC/Ni-nanodiamond coatings is 25 ± 6 GPa, which corresponds to the microhardness of the hard alloy substrate and ZrC coating. The obtained high values of the critical loads on the scratch track of the ZrC/Ni-nanodiamond coating in 24 N prove a sufficiently high value of the adhesion strength of the bottom Ni-UDD layer with WC-Co substrate. Pilot testing of ZrC/Ni-nanodiamond-coated cutting tools proved their increasing durability period to be 1.5-1.6 times higher than that of bare tools, when milling laminated chipboard.


ceramics coatings inorganic nanomaterials structural 



The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support from the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus through the Fund for Fundamental Research of the Republic of Belarus (project No 7.4 “Galvanotechnics,” assignment No 7.4.6).Besides that, the authors are grateful to science group of the State Center “Belmikroanaliz” (the branch Scientific and Technical Center “Belmikrosistemy” of “INTEGRAL” Holding, the Republic of Belarus) for performing part of this work and for helpful discussion.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Chayeuski
    • 1
  • V. Zhylinski
    • 1
  • O. Cernashejus
    • 2
  • N. Visniakov
    • 2
  • G. Mikalauskas
    • 2
  1. 1.Belarusian State Technological UniversityMinskBelarus
  2. 2.Vilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania

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