Effect of the Combined Addition of Y and Ti on the Second Phase and Mechanical Properties of China Low-Activation Martensitic Steel

  • Yangpeng Zhang
  • Dongping Zhan
  • Xiwei Qi
  • Zhouhua Jiang
  • Huishu Zhang


In this study, approximately 0.35% Ti and two different Y contents were added to China low-activation martensitic (CLAM) steel during melting in a vacuum induction melting furnace. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, tensile tests, and Charpy impact tests were used to investigate the effects of the combined addition of Y and Ti on the second phase and mechanical properties. The results indicated that Y and Fe formed the large intermetallic compound Fe-Y; the compound easily aggregated in the grain boundaries and exhibited the strength of CLAM steel. Ti did not combine with Y to form the Y-Ti-O phase; however, it could combine with Ta and W to form MC precipitates, which were generally in the 20-50 nm size range. The CLAM steel with a higher Y content exhibited lower yield and tensile strengths at room temperature, with both steels yielding almost identical strengths at 600 °C.


CLAM steel mechanical properties rare earths second phase titanium yttrium 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number 51574063) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant Numbers N150204012, N152306001). The authors would like to thank Enago ( for the English language review.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yangpeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Dongping Zhan
    • 2
  • Xiwei Qi
    • 1
  • Zhouhua Jiang
    • 2
  • Huishu Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Metallurgical Engineering CollegeLiaoning Institute of Science and TechnologyBenxiChina

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