Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 2010–2017 | Cite as

Wear Behavior of AZ31/Al2O3 Magnesium Matrix Surface Nanocomposite Fabricated via Friction Stir Processing

  • Mahdi Azizieh
  • Arsham Norouzi Larki
  • Mehdi Tahmasebi
  • Mehdi Bavi
  • Ehsan Alizadeh
  • Hyoung Seop Kim
Article
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this study was to produce magnesium-based surface nanocomposites via friction stir processing and to investigate the effect of tool rotational speed on the microstructure, hardness and wear behavior. The surface of the nanocomposites was characterized using optical and scanning electron microscopes, as well as through microhardness and wear tests. The results indicated that with the increase in rotational speed, the grain size of the surface nanocomposites increased, but its hardness decreased despite the improved distribution of Al2O3 nanoparticles. It was also found that the wear resistance has a direct relation to the distribution of the Al2O3 nanoparticles. Furthermore, the addition of nano-Al2O3 changed the wear mechanism from the adhesive mode in the as-received AZ31 to the abrasive mode in the nanocomposite specimens. The rotational speed of 1400 rpm was an optimum parameter to achieve a suitable composite layer with the highest wear resistance.

Keywords

friction stir processing hardness magnesium metallic matrix composite wear 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2014R1A2A1A10051322).

References

  1. 1.
    H. Hao, X. Liu, C. Fang, and X. Zhang, Effect of In-Situ Al2Y Particles on the As-Cast/As-Rolled Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of AZ31 Alloy, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2017, 698, p 27–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Khandelwal, K. Mani, N. Srivastava, R. Gupta, and G.P. Chaudhari, Mechanical Behavior of AZ31/ Al2O3 Magnesium Alloy Nanocomposites Prepared Using Ultrasound Assisted Stir Casting, Compos. Part B: Eng., 2017, 123, p 64–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Nouri and D.Y. Li, Maximizing the Benefit of Aluminizing to AZ31 Alloy by Surface Nano-crystallization for Elevated Resistance to Wear and Corrosive Wear, Tribol. Int., 2017, 111, p 211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Wan, L. Tan, and K. Yang, Surface Modification on Biodegradable Magnesium Alloys as Orthopedic Implant Materials to Improve the Bio-adaptability, J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 2016, 32, p 827–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. Sharma, U. Prakash, and B.V. Manoj Kumar, Surface Composites by Friction Stir Processing: A Review, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2015, 224, p 117–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Z.A. Shafiei-Zarghani, S.F. Kashani-Bozorg, and A. Zarei-Hanzaki, Wear Assessment of Al/Al2O3 Nano-composite Surface Layer Produced Using Friction Stir Processing, Wear, 2011, 270, p 403–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Barmouz, P. Asadi, M.K. Besharati Givia, and M. Taherishargh, Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Cu/SiC Composite Fabricated by FSP: Effect of SiC Particles’ Size and Volume Fraction, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2011, 528, p 1740–1749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.J. Lee, J.C. Huang, and P.J. Hsieh, Using Friction Stir Processing to Fabricate Mg Based Composites with Nano Fillers, Scr. Mater., 2006, 54, p 1415–1420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Faraji and P. Asadi, Characterization of AZ91/Alumina Nanocomposite Produced by FSP, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2011, 528, p 2431–2440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W.B. Lee, C.Y. Lee, M.K. Kim, J.I. Yoon, Y.J. Kim, Y.M. Yoen, and S.B. Jung, Microstructures and Wear Property of Friction Stir Welded AZ91 Mg/SiC Particle Reinforced Composite, Compos. Sci. Technol., 2006, 66, p 1513–1520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Sun, Q.Y. Shi, Y.J. Sun, and G.Q. Chen, Microstructure and Mechanical Property of Nano-SiCp Reinforced High Strength Mg Bulk Composites Produced by Friction Stir Processing, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2012, 547, p 32–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. Morisada, H. Fujii, T. Nagaoka, K. Nogi, and M. Fukusumi, Fullerene/A5083 Composites Fabricated by Material Flow During Friction Stir Processing, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf., 2007, 38, p 2097–2101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Lu, Y. Jiang, and R. Zhou, Wear Performance of nano-Al2O3 Particles and CNTs Reinforced Magnesium Matrix Composites by Friction Stir Processing, Wear, 2013, 305(1-2), p 286–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Madhusudhan Reddy, A. Sambasiva Rao, and K. Srinivasa Rao, Friction Stir Processing for Enhancement of Wear Resistance of ZM21 Magnesium Alloy, Trans. Indian Inst. Met., 2013, 66, p 13–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Sharifitabar, M. Kashefi, and S. Khorshahian, Effect of Friction Stir Processing Pass Sequence on Properties of Mg–ZrSiO4–Al2O3 Surface Hybrid Micro/Nano-composites, Mater. Des., 2016, 108, p 1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Faraji and P. Asadi, Characterization of AZ91/Alumina Nanocomposite Produced by FSP, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2011, 528(6), p 2431–2440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Lu, Y. Jiang, and R. Zhou, Wear Performance of Nano-Al2O3 Particles and CNTs Reinforced Magnesium Matrix Composites by Friction Stir Processing, Wear, 2012, 305, p 286–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Ahmadkhaniha, M. Heydarzadeh Sohi, A. Salehi, and R. Tahavvori, Formations of AZ91/Al2O3 Nano-composite Layer by Friction Stir Processing, J. Magnes. Alloys, 2016, 4(4), p 314–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Azizieh, H.S. Kim, A.H. Kokabi, P. Abachi, and B.K. Shahraki, Fabrication of AZ31/Al2O3 Nanocomposites by Friction STIR Processing, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci., 2011, 28(1), p 85–89Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Azizieh, A.H. Kokabi, and P. Abachi, Effect of Rotational Speed and Probe Profile on Microstructure and Hardness of AZ31/Al2O3 Nanocomposites Fabricated by Friction Stir Processing, Mater. Des., 2011, 32(4), p 2034–2041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. Wei, A Novel Way to Produce Bulk SiCp Reinforced Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2009, 209, p 2099–2103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Yang, C. Xu, C. Wu, K. Lin, Y.J. Chao, and L. An, Fabrication of AA6061/Al2O3 Nano Ceramic Particle Reinforced Composite Coating by Using Friction Stir Processing, J. Mater. Sci., 2010, 45, p 4431–4438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Z.A. Shafiei, S.F. Kashani-Bozorg, and A. Zarei-Hanzaki, Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of A1/Al2O3 Surface Nano-composite Layer Produced by Friction Stir Processing, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2009, 500, p 84–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C.I. Chang, C.J. Lee, and J.C. Huang, Relationship Between Grain Size and Zener-Holloman Parameter During Friction Stir Processing in AZ31 Mg Alloys, Scr. Mater., 2004, 51, p 509–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Zhang, Z. Cao, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, Microstructures and Wear Properties of Graphite and Al2O3 Reinforced AZ91D-Cex Composites, T. Nonferrous Met. Soc., 2010, 20, p s471–s475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    F. Labib, H.M. Ghasemi, and R. Mahmudi, Dry Tribological Behavior of Mg/SiCp Composites at Room and Elevated Temperatures, Wear, 2016, 348–349, p 69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Narimani, B. Lotfi, and Z. Sadeghian, Evaluation of the Microstructure and Wear Behaviour of AA6063-B4C/TiB2 Mono and Hybrid Composite Layers Produced by friction stir processing, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2016, 285, p 1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.I. Essam, Wear Characteristics of Surface-Hybrid-MMCs Layer Fabricated on Aluminum Plate by Friction Stir Processing, Wear, 2010, 268, p 1111–1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    D.E. Gomez, J.M. Salaza, and M.I. Marrena, Dissimilar Fusion Welding of AA7020/MMC Reinforced with Al2O3 Particles: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2003, 352, p 162–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. Sharifzadeh, M.A. Ansari, M. Narvan, M. Abdi Behnagh, A. Araee, and M.K. Besharati Givi, Evaluation of Wear and Corrosion Resistance of Pure Mg Wire Produced by Friction Stir Extrusion, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2015, 25, p 1847–1855CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahdi Azizieh
    • 1
  • Arsham Norouzi Larki
    • 1
  • Mehdi Tahmasebi
    • 1
  • Mehdi Bavi
    • 1
  • Ehsan Alizadeh
    • 1
  • Hyoung Seop Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ahvaz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAhvazIran
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringPohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)PohangSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations