Skip to main content

Effect of Machining Configurations on the Electrochemical Response of Mild Steel in 3.5% NaCl Solution

Abstract

The present work is based on the study of the electrochemical response of mild steel as a function of machining configurations. The variable parameters were rake angle and turning speed, while feed rate and depth of cut remained fixed. Dynamic polarization tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in 3.5% NaCl solution were done to analyze the electrochemical behavior of mild steels with the variation of rake angle and turning speed. The electrochemical response showed that the steel machined at higher speed and positive rake angle had higher resistance to charge transfer. Similarly, steel machined at lower speed and negative rake angle showed lower resistance to charge transfer. The results obtained in this study suggest that machining on mild steel should be carried out at positive rake angle and at higher speed to have smoother surface finish, strain-relieved surface grains, and subsequently better corrosion resistance, which was measured from corrosion current as determined by the Tafel extrapolation from the polarization plots.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. C.Y. Nian, W.H. Yangand, and Y.S. Tarng, Optimization of Turning Operations with Multiple Performance Characteristics, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 1999, 95, p 90–96

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. K. Hussain, D.S. Wilkinson, and J.D. Embury, Effect of Surface Finish on High Temperature Fatigue of a Nickel Based Super Alloy, Int. J. Fatigue, 2009, 31, p 743–750

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. R. Dubovska, J. Jambor, and J. Majerik, Qualitative Aspects of Machined Surfaces of High Strength Steels, Procedia Engineering 24th DAAAM International Symposium on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation 2013, 2014, 69, p 646–654

  4. S. Ghosh and V. Kain, Microstructural Changes in AISI, 304L Stainless Steel Due to Surface Machining: Effect on Its Susceptibility to Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking, J. Nucl. Mater., 2010, 403, p 62–67

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. J. Cai, S. Shekhar, J. Wang, and M.R. Shankar, Nanotwinned Microstructures from Low Stacking Fault Energy Brass by High-Rate Severe Plastic Deformation, Scr. Mater., 2009, 60, p 599–602

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. S.G. Lee, J.H. Hwang, M.R. Shankar, S. Chandrasekar, and W.D. Compton, Large Strain Deformation Field in Machining, Metall. Mater. Trans., 2006, 37A, p 1633–1643

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. S. Swarninathan, M.R. Shankar, S. Lee, J. Hwang, A.H. King, R.F. Kezar, B.C. Rao, T.L. Brown, S. Chandrasekar, W.D. Compton, and K.P. Trumble, Large Strain Deformation and Ultra-Fine Grained Materials by Machining, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2005, 410, p 358–363

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. S. Shekhar, S. Abholghasem, S. Basu, J. Cai, and M.R. Shankar, Effect of Severe Plastic Deformation in Machining Elucidated via Rate-Strain-Microstructure Mappings, J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 2012, 134, p 031008–031019

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. M. Yamashita, H. Miyukl, Y. Matsuda, H. Nagano, and T. Misawa, The Long Term Growth of the Protective Rust Layer Formed on Weathering Steel by Atmospheric Corrosion During a Quarter of a Century, Corros. Sci., 1994, 36, p 283–299

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. T. Misawa, K. Asami, K. Hashimoto, and S. Shimodaira, The Mechanism of Atmospheric Rusting and the Protective Amorphous Rust on Low Alloy Steel, Corros. Sci., 1974, 14, p 279–289

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. J.M. Costa, M. Morcillo, and S. Feliu, Effect of Environmental Parameters on Atmospheric Corrosion of Metals, Encyclopedia of Environmental Control Technology, Air Pollut. Control, 1989, 2, p 197–238

    Google Scholar 

  12. D. de la Fuente, I. Díaz, J. Simancas, B. Chico, and M. Morcillo, Long Term Atmospheric Corrosion of Mild Steel, Corros. Sci., 2011, 53, p 604–617

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. S.J. Oha, D.C. Cook, and H.E. Townsend, Atmospheric Corrosion of Different Steels in Marine, Rural and Industrial Environments, Corros. Sci., 1999, 41, p 1687–1702

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. J. Gravier, V. Vignal, and S.S. Bissey-Breton, Influence of Residual Stress, Surface Roughness and Crystallographic Texture Induced by Machining on the Ion Behaviour of Copper in Salt-Fog Atmosphere, Corros. Sci., 2012, 61, p 162–170

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. P. Mazumdar, S. Shekhar, and K. Mondal, Effect of Machining Parameters on Oxidation Behavior of Mild Steel, J. Mater. Eng. Process., 2015, 24, p 484–498

    Google Scholar 

  16. M. Prakash, S. Shekhar, A.P. Moon, and K. Mondal, Effect of Machining Configuration on the Corrosion of Mild Steel, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2015, 219, p 70–83

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. H. Lee, D. Kim, J. Jung, Y. Pyoun, and K. Shin, Influence of Pinning on the Corrosion Properties of AISI, 304 Stainless Steel, Corros. Sci., 2009, 51, p 2826–2830

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. J. Liang, M.A. Wahab, and S.M. Guo, Corrosion Behavior of SS304 with Ball Milling and Electrolytic Plasma Treatment in NaCl Solution, in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series 99999, T. Proulx, Ed., 2011, p 73–80.

  19. M.E.P. Souza, E. Ariza, M. Ballester, L.A. Rocha, and C. Freire, Comparative Behaviour in Terms of Wear and Corrosion Resistance of Galvanized and Zinc-Iron Coated Steels, Revista Matéria, 2007, 12, p 618–623

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. B. Panda, R. Balasubramaniam, and G. Dwivedi, On the Corrosion Behaviour of Novel High Carbon Rail Steels in Simulated Cyclic Wet-Dry Salt Fog Conditions, Corros. Sci., 2008, 50, p 1684–1692

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. A. Moon, S. Sangal, and K. Mondal, Corrosion Behaviour of New Railway Axle Steels, Trans. Indian Inst. Met., 2013, 66, p 33–41

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. A. Moon, S. Sangal, S. Srivastav, N.S. Gajbhiye, and K. Mondal, Corrosion Behavior of IF Steel in Various Media and Its Comparison with Mild Steel, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2015, 25, p 85–97

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgment

The work has been supported by the Indian Space Research Organization, India (Project No: STC/MET/20120330).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. Shekhar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Prakash, M., Moon, A.P., Mondal, K. et al. Effect of Machining Configurations on the Electrochemical Response of Mild Steel in 3.5% NaCl Solution. J. of Materi Eng and Perform 24, 3643–3650 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1639-2

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1639-2

Keywords

  • corrosion
  • EIS
  • machining
  • mild steel
  • polarization