Effect of Immersion Time on the Mechanical Properties of S135 Drill Pipe Immersed in H2S Solution

Abstract

During drilling process, if oil and gas overflow containing H2S enters drilling fluids, the performance of drill pipes will decline significantly within a short time. In this paper, S135 drill pipe specimen was immersed in the saturated solution of H2S at room temperature for 6, 12, 18, and 24 h, respectively. The tensile properties and impact properties of S135 drill pipe were determined before and after immersion for comparison. In addition, the S135 specimens were immersed for 3 days at 80 °C to determine the changes in fatigue performance. The test results indicated that the yield strength of S135 material fluctuated with immersion time increasing and the tensile strength slightly varied with immersion time. But the plasticity index of S135 decreased significantly with the increase in immersion time. The impact energy of S135 steel also fluctuated with the increase in immersion time. After 3-day immersion at 80 °C, the fatigue properties of S135 steel decreased, and fatigue life showed the one order of magnitude difference under the same stress conditions. Moreover, fatigue strength was also decreased by about 10%. The study can guide security management of S135 drill pipe under the working conditions with oil and gas overflow containing H2S, reduce drilling tool failures, and provide technical support for drilling safety.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14

References

  1. 1.

    G.Y. Zhu, J.X. Dai, S.C. Zhang et al., Generation Mechanism and Distribution Characteristics of Hydrogen Sulfide Bearing Gas in China, Natural Gas Geosci., 2004, 15(2), p 166–170 ([in Chinese])

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    W.H. Liu, B. Gao, Z.N. Zhang et al., H2S Formation and Enrichment Mechanisms in Medium to Large Scale Natural Gas Fields (Reservoirs) in the Sichuan Basin, Pet. Explor. Dev., 2010, 37(5), p 513–522

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    B.K. Gao, X.Z. Han, and H.Q. Zhang, Study on H2S Monitoring Technique for High Risk Wellsite, Procedia Eng., 2012, 45, p 898–903

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    R.A. Oriani, Whitney Award Lecture-1987: Hydrogen-The Versatile Embrittler, Corrosion, 1987, 43(7), p 390–397

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    A.R. Troiano, The Role of Hydrogen and Other Interstitials in the Mechanical Behavior of Metals, Trans. ASM, 1960, 52(1), p 54–80

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    G.T. Park, S.U. Koh, H.G. Jung et al., Effect of Microstructure on the Hydrogen Trapping Efficiency and Hydrogen Induced Cracking of Linepipe Steel, Corros. Sci., 2008, 50(7), p 1865–1871

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    S.N. Smith and M.W. Joosten, Corrosion of Carbon Steel by H2S in CO2 Containing Oilfield Environments, Corrosion, 2006, 2006, p 1–26

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    J. Capelle, J. Gilgert, I. Dmytrakh et al., Sensitivity of Pipelines with Steel API, X52 to Hydrogen Embrittlement, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2008, 33(24), p 7630–7641

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    API Spec 5D, Specification for Drill Pipe, 5th edn, Washington DC, 2001

  10. 10.

    Y.G. Liu, F.P. Li, X. Xu et al., Simulation Technology in Failure Analysis of Drill Pipe, Procedia Eng., 2011, 12, p 236–241

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Y.H. Lin, X. Qi, D.J. Zhu et al., Failure Analysis and Appropriate Design of Drill Pipe Upset Transition Area, Eng. Fail. Anal., 2013, 31, p 255–267

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    F.P. Li, L.H. Han, Y.G. Liu et al., Investigation on Toughness Index of High Grade Steel Drill Pipe, J. China Univ. Pet., 2011, 35(5), p 130–134 ([in Chinese])

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    L. Bertini and P. Conti, Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of Four Structural Steels in Air and in a Geothermal Fluid Environment, Int. J. Fatigue, 1992, 14(2), p 75–83

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    ISO 11961, Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries - Steel Drill Pipe, 2nd ed, Geneva, 2008

  15. 15.

    NACE TM0177, Laboratory Testing of Metals for Resistance to Specific Forms of Environmental Cracking in H 2 S Environments, 5th ed, Houston, 2005

  16. 16.

    O.H. Basquin, The Exponential Law of Endurance Tests, Proc. Am. Soc. Test. Mater., 1910, 10, p 625–630

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Y.X. Zhao, B. Yang, M.F. Feng et al., Probabilistic Fatigue S-N Curves Including the Super-Long Life Regime of a Railway Axle Steel, Int. J. Fatigue, 2009, 31(10), p 1550–1558

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Y.X. Zhao and B. Yang, Probabilistic Measurements of the Fatigue Limits Data from a Small Sampling Up-and-Down Test Method, Int. J. Fatigue, 2008, 30(12), p 2094–2103

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    H.J. Schindler, Estimation of the Dynamic J-R-curve from A Single Impact Bending Test, Mechanisms and Mechanics of Damage and Failure, ECF 11th, 1996, p 2007-2012

  20. 20.

    Y.M. Qi, H.Y. Luo, S.Q. Zheng et al., Effect of Immersion Time on the Hydrogen Content and Tensile Properties of A350LF2 Steel Exposed to Hydrogen Sulphide Environments, Corros. Sci., 2013, 69, p 164–174

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    M.A. Lucio-Garcia, J.G. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, and M. Casales, Effect of Heat Treatment on H2S Corrosion of a Micro-Alloyed C-Mn Steel, Corros. Sci., 2009, 51, p 2380–2386

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    W.Y. Chu, Hydrogen Damage and Delay Fracture, Metallurgical Industry Press, Beijing, 1988 ([in Chinese])

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    R. Wang, Effects of Hydrogen on the Fracture Toughness of a X70 Pipeline Steel, Corros. Sci., 2009, 51, p 2803–2810

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    H.J. Maier, W. Popp, and H. Kaesche, Effects of Hydrogen on Ductile Fracture of a Spheroidized Low Alloy Steel, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 1995, 191(1), p 17–26

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    S.X. Mao and M. Li, Mechanics and Thermodynamics on the Stress and Hydrogen Interaction in Crack Tip Stress Corrosion: Experiment and Theory, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 1998, 46(6), p 1125–1137

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    R.A. Oriani and E.H. Josephic, Equilibrium Aspects of Hydrogen Induced Cracking of Steels, Acta Metall., 1974, 22, p 1065–1074

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    A.R. Troiano, The Role of Hydrogen and Other Interstitials in the Mechanical Behaviour of Metals, Trans. ASM, 1960, 52, p 54–80

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    X.Q. Wu and I.S. Kim, Effect of Strain Rate and Temperature on Tensile Behavior of Hydrogen-Charged SA508 C1. 3 Pressure Vessel Steel, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2003, 348, p 309–318

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    X.G. Jiang, W.Y. Chu, and J.M. Xiao, Nucleation Mechanism of Hydrogen-Facilitating Cavity, China Sci. (Series A), 1994, 24(6), p 668–672 ([in Chinese])

    Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    U. Hadam and T. Zakroczymski, Absorption of Hydrogen in Tensile Strained Iron and High-Carbon Steel Studied by Electrochemical Permeation and Desorption Techniques, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy, 2009, 34, p 2449–2459

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    G.P. Tiwari, A. Bose, J.K. Chakravartty et al., A Study of Internal Hydrogen Embrittlement of Steels, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2000, 286(2), p 269–281

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Y. Murakami and M. Endo, Effects of Defects, Inclusions and Inhomogeneities on Fatigue Strength, Int. J. Fatigue, 1994, 16(3), p 163–182

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    K. Shiozawa and Y. Morii, Subsurface Crack Initiation and Propagation Mechanism in High-Strength Steel in a Very High Cycle Fatigue Regime, Int. J. Fatigue, 2006, 28, p 1521–1532

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    E.V. Chatzidouros, V.J. Papazoglou, T.E. Tsiourva, and D.I. Pantelis, Hydrogen Effect on Fracture Toughness of Pipeline Steel Welds, with in Situ Hydrogen Charging, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy, 2001, 36(19), p 12626–12643

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by The National Natural Science Foundation of China entitled” The synergistic effect of corrosion and pulsating impact loads on the fatigue damage and control of ultra-high strength drilling string”. No. 51374177.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zeng Dezhi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Dezhi, Z., Gang, T., Junying, H. et al. Effect of Immersion Time on the Mechanical Properties of S135 Drill Pipe Immersed in H2S Solution. J. of Materi Eng and Perform 23, 4072–4081 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-014-1198-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • S135
  • H2S
  • fatigue performance
  • hydrogen damage
  • impact performance
  • tensile properties