Heat Transfer Properties of a Series of Oxidized and Unoxidized Vegetable Oils in Comparison with Petroleum Oil-Based Quenchants

  • Ester Carvalho de Souza
  • Lauralice C. F. Canale
  • G. Sánchez Sarmiento
  • Eliana Agaliotis
  • Juan C. Carrara
  • Diego S. SchicchiEmail author
  • George E. Totten


Vegetable oils, especially soybean oil, exhibit substantially poorer thermal-oxidative stability than commercially available petroleum oil quenchant formulations. Therefore, to achieve any commercially interesting performance, vegetable oils must be stabilized by the addition of antioxidant inhibitors. This work describes the ability of two commercially available antioxidants, Irganox L 57 and Irganox L 109, to stabilize soybean oil against thermal-oxidative degradation. In addition, the effect of antioxidant stabilization on quenching performance was evaluated by determining the profile of heat transfer coefficient variation throughout the quenching process at different times after being subjected to an accelerated thermal-oxidation aging test. The results of this work are discussed here.


antioxidants cooling curve analysis quenchants vegetable oils 



The authors acknowledge CAPES for the financial support and MSc Renata Leal for physical chemistry analysis.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ester Carvalho de Souza
    • 1
  • Lauralice C. F. Canale
    • 1
  • G. Sánchez Sarmiento
    • 2
    • 3
  • Eliana Agaliotis
    • 4
  • Juan C. Carrara
    • 5
    • 6
  • Diego S. Schicchi
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  • George E. Totten
    • 7
  1. 1.Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Engenharia de São CarloSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologíaUniversidad del SalvadorBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologíaUniversidad AustralBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial, PTMBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.Facultad Regional Buenos AiresUniversidad Tecnológica NacionalBuenos AiresArgentina
  7. 7.Department of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringTexas A&M UniversitySeattleUSA

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