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Evaluation of Flow Fields and Orientation Effects Around Ring Geometries During Quenching


The orientation in which parts are held during the quenching operation can have a strong effect on the overall success of heat treating. Certain orientations can result in significantly greater distortion than other orientations, even when high-quality quenchants are used. In this study, various simple, rolled ring geometries are examined at two different orientations to quenchant flow using computational fluid dynamics with the software program AZORE®. These parts were examined singly without the influence of other parts in close proximity. Three rolled ring geometries were examined, using the same outside diameter, while the inside diameter was varied. These flow fields will be used for understanding the likely distortion occurring during quenching.

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The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of their companies for this study. Helpful discussions with their colleagues are also gratefully acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Andrew L. Banka.

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This article is an invited paper selected from presentations at the 26th ASM Heat Treating Society Conference, held October 31 through November 2, 2011, in Cincinnati, Ohio, and has been expanded from the original presentation.

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Banka, A.L., Ferguson, B.L. & MacKenzie, D.S. Evaluation of Flow Fields and Orientation Effects Around Ring Geometries During Quenching. J. of Materi Eng and Perform 22, 1816–1825 (2013).

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  • CFD
  • cracking
  • FEA
  • heat-treatment simulation
  • quenching
  • ring