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Evaluation of Flow Fields and Orientation Effects Around Ring Geometries During Quenching

  • Andrew L. Banka
  • B. L. Ferguson
  • D. Scott MacKenzie
Article

Abstract

The orientation in which parts are held during the quenching operation can have a strong effect on the overall success of heat treating. Certain orientations can result in significantly greater distortion than other orientations, even when high-quality quenchants are used. In this study, various simple, rolled ring geometries are examined at two different orientations to quenchant flow using computational fluid dynamics with the software program AZORE®. These parts were examined singly without the influence of other parts in close proximity. Three rolled ring geometries were examined, using the same outside diameter, while the inside diameter was varied. These flow fields will be used for understanding the likely distortion occurring during quenching.

Keywords

CFD cracking FEA heat-treatment simulation quenching ring 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of their companies for this study. Helpful discussions with their colleagues are also gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. 1.
    Azore® Technologies, LLC, Azore ® Users Guide, 2011Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.D. Franklin and J.S. Lee, Momentum/Continuity Coupling with Large Non-Isotropic Momentum Source Terms, Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 2009, 61, p 946–969Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.H. Ferziger and H. Peric, Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, Springer, New York, 1997Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Deformation Control Technology, Inc., DANTE Users Manual, 2011Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew L. Banka
    • 1
  • B. L. Ferguson
    • 2
  • D. Scott MacKenzie
    • 3
  1. 1.Airflow Sciences CorporationLivoniaUSA
  2. 2.Deformation Control Technology, Inc.ClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Houghton International, Inc.Valley ForgeUSA

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