Static and Cyclic Load-Deflection Characteristics of NiTi Orthodontic Archwires Using Modified Bending Tests

Abstract

Near-equiatomic nickel-titanium (nitinol) has the ability to return to a former shape when subjected to an appropriate thermomechanical procedure. One of the most successful applications of nitinol is orthodontic archwire. One of the suitable characteristics of these wires is superelasticity, a phenomenon that allows better-tolerated loading conditions during clinical therapy. Superelastic nitinol wires deliver clinically desired light continuous force enabling effective tooth movement with minimal damage for periodontal tissues. In this research, a special three-point bending fixture was invented and designed to determine the superelastic property in simulated clinical conditions, where the wire samples were held in the fixture similar to an oral cavity. In this experimental study, the load-deflection characteristics of superelastic NiTi commercial wires were studied through three-point bending test. The superelastic behavior was investigated by focusing on bending time, temperature, and number of cycles which affects the energy dissipating capacity. Experimental results show that the NiTi archwires are well suited for cyclic load-unload dental applications. Results show reduction in superelastic property for used archwires after long-time static bending.

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Correspondence to Mahmoud Nili Ahmadabadi.

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This article is an invited paper selected from presentations at Shape Memory and Superelastic Technologies 2008, held September 21-25, 2008, in Stresa, Italy, and has been expanded from the original presentation.

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Nili Ahmadabadi, M., Shahhoseini, T., Habibi-Parsa, M. et al. Static and Cyclic Load-Deflection Characteristics of NiTi Orthodontic Archwires Using Modified Bending Tests. J. of Materi Eng and Perform 18, 793–796 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-009-9488-5

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Keywords

  • biomaterials
  • intermetallics
  • nonferrous metals