Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 2761–2769 | Cite as

Investigation of Effects of Diameter, Doping and Vacancy Defects on the Band Structure and Transport Properties of Silicon Nanowires for Potential Applications in Field-Effect Transistors

  • Muhammad IrfanEmail author
  • Abdul SattarEmail author
  • Azmat Iqbal
  • Muhammad Fiaz Khan
  • Raja Junaid Amjad
  • Hasan Mahmood
  • Hamid Latif
  • Nosheen Akbar
  • Farah Alvi
  • Ishrat Sultana


Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) with unique band structure and transport properties are considered potential candidates for future nanoelectronics devices such as field-effect transistors (FETs). We present a model of a SiNW-FET comprising \(\langle100\rangle\) silicon atomic wires with a cylindrical-shaped metallic gate wrapped around the wires. For this purpose, we report on the energy band structure and density of states of SiNWs of diameters 5.93 Å, 9.71 Å and 13.55 Å with \(\langle100\rangle\) cleavage orientation by employing generalized gradient approximation and meta-generalized gradient approximation as well as the semi-empirical extended-Huckel model. Moreover, the transmission and transport properties of doped and undoped SiNWs of diameter 5.93 Å with and without vacancy defects are explored using a non-equilibrium green function approach with self-consistent calculations. The corresponding IV characteristics of the proposed cylindrical-shaped metallic-gate SiNW-FET under a specific gate voltage are presented. Our results show that the undoped SiNWs with vacancy defects on the surface are more suitable candidates for nanoelectronic device applications such as FETs in contrast to their counterparts with vacancies at the center.


Silicon nanowires field-effect transistor vacancy defects density-functional-theory extended-Huckel model 


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The authors would like to acknowledge Higher Education commission Pakistan for providing research Grant No. 5336/Federal/NRPU/R&D/HEC/2016.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Irfan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdul Sattar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azmat Iqbal
    • 2
  • Muhammad Fiaz Khan
    • 3
  • Raja Junaid Amjad
    • 1
  • Hasan Mahmood
    • 1
  • Hamid Latif
    • 4
  • Nosheen Akbar
    • 1
  • Farah Alvi
    • 1
  • Ishrat Sultana
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCOMSATS University IslamabadLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsThe University of LahoreLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Engineering and Technology LahoreLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsForman Christian College UniversityLahorePakistan

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