Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 3974–3982 | Cite as

Electrochromic Behaviors of Water-Soluble Polyaniline with Covalently Bonded Acetyl Ferrocene

  • Shanxin Xiong
  • Ru Wang
  • Shuaishuai Li
  • Bohua Wu
  • Jia Chu
  • Xiaoqin Wang
  • Runlan Zhang
  • Ming Gong


A novel ferrocene-containing hybrid electrochromic material was synthesized via copolymerization of aniline with p-phenylenediamine functionalized acetyl ferrocene in the presence of poly (styrene sulfonate) dopant in an aqueous medium, and neat polyaniline (PANI) was prepared for comparison. The polymerization characteristics and the structure of the copolymer were systematically studied by Fourier-transform infrared, meanwhile, their electrochromic properties and electrochemical behaviors were tested by UV–vis spectra, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). It was found that the strong covalent bond and large conjugated system between PANI and ferrocene enhance the electron transfer rate and electron delocalization in the ferrocene-polyaniline (Fc-PANI) hybrid. In particular, the electrochromic device with Fc-PANI as the active layer shows significant enhancement in optical contrast over the PANI-based device.


PANI ferrocene covalent bond electrochromism 


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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51373134, 51503169).

Supplementary material

11664_2018_6281_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (105 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 105 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXi’an University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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