High-Temperature Annealing as a Method for the Silicon Nanoclusters Growth in Stoichiometric Silicon Dioxide
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A method for the growth of nanocomposite layers in stoichiometric amorphous silicon dioxide is proposed. It is shown that, after annealing at a temperature of 1150°C in nitrogen atmosphere, a layer containing silicon nanoclusters is formed. Silicon nanoclusters have a crystal structure and a size of 3–6 nm. In a film grown on a n-type substrate, a layer of silicon nanoclusters with a thickness of about 10 nm is observed. In the case of a film grown on a p-type substrate, a nanocomposite layer with a thickness of about 100 nm is observed. The difference in the formation of a nanocomposite layer in films on various substrates is associated with the doping of silicon dioxide with impurities from the substrate during the growth of the film. The formation of the nanocomposite layer was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, XPS and local cathodoluminescence studies.
KeywordsClusters crystal structure optical properties synchrotron radiation cathodoluminescence TEM
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