Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 3409–3413 | Cite as

Effect of Ca2+ Ions on Electrical Properties of Ba1−xCa x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 Ceramics

  • Zhi-hui Chen
  • Zhi-wei Li
  • Jian-ning Ding
  • Tian-xiang Zhao
  • Jian-hua Qiu
  • Ke-qian Zhu
  • Jiu-jun Xu
  • Bing Zhang


Ba1−xCa x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 (BCTSY) lead-free piezoceramics with x = 0.02 to 0.10 have been fabricated by solid-state sintering method at 1420°C. The effects of Ca2+ ions on the microstructure and electrical properties of the samples were studied. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all samples possessed pure perovskite structure with Ca2+ ions diffused into the matrix lattice. The rhombohedral phase and tetragonal phase coexisted in the composition range of 0.02 < x < 0.06. The microstructure of BCTSY ceramic became more homogeneous with addition of Ca2+ ions, and the average grain size of the samples decreased from 97 μm (x = 0.02) to 18 μm (x = 0.10). Addition of Ca2+ remarkably improved the piezoelectric properties, enhanced the dielectric frequency dispersion, and increased the Curie temperature of the ceramics. The piezoelectric properties of the ceramics were optimized at x = 0.04 with d33 and Kp values of 579 pC/N and 52.7%, respectively.


BaTiO3 Ca doping piezoelectric properties dielectric properties ferroelectrics 


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© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Province Cultivation Base for State Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Science and TechnologyChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.Dalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina
  3. 3.Liaoning Jianzhu Vocational CollegeLiaoyangChina

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