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Influence of Element Substitution on Corrosion Behavior of Bi2Te3-Based Compounds

  • Topical Collection: International Conference on Thermoelectrics 2017
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Abstract

Atmospheric water may condense on the surface of Bi2Te3-based compounds constituting the Peltier module, depending on the operating environment used. In the stage of disposal, Bi2Te3-based compounds may come into contact with water in waste disposal sites. There are very few publications about the influence of condensed water on Peltier modules. Bi2Te3-Sb2Te3 or Bi2Te3-Bi2Se3 pseudo binary system compounds are used as p-type material or n-type material, respectively. The lattice distortion will be induced in the crystal of Bi2Te3-based compounds by element substitution due to the reduction in their thermal conductivity. However, the influence of element substitution on the corrosion behavior of Bi2Te3-based compounds remains unclear. In this study, the influence of element substitution on the corrosion behavior of Bi2Te3-based compounds with practical compositions has been investigated. Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 or Bi2Te2.85Se0.15 was prepared by the vertical Bridgman method. The electrochemical properties at room temperature were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry in a standard three-electrode cell. The working electrolyte was a naturally aerated 0.6 or 3.0 mass% NaCl solution. From the tendency for corrosion potential for all the samples, the corrosion sensitivity of ternary compounds was slightly higher than that of binary compounds. From the trend of current density, it was found that Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 had a corrosion resistance intermediate between Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3. On the other hand, corrosion resistance was affected despite a small amount of Se substitution, and the corrosion resistance of Bi2Te2.85Se0.15 was close to or lower than that of Bi2Se3. From the observation results of the corrosion products, the trends of morphology and composition of corrosion products for Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 or Bi2Te2.85Se0.15 were consistent with those of Sb2Te3 or Bi2Se3, respectively. From the results of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for the electrolyte after testing, the possibility that a corrosion product diffuses to the environment including the salt was suggested in Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3. However, the amount of dissolved corrosion product was very low, and the chemical stability of the corrosion product was not changed or improved by element substitution.

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Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to Mr. S. Kikuya of Kogakuin University for much help to achieve the experiment.

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Correspondence to Hitoshi Kohri.

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Kohri, H., Yagasaki, T. Influence of Element Substitution on Corrosion Behavior of Bi2Te3-Based Compounds. J. Electron. Mater. 47, 3164–3170 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-018-6116-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-018-6116-x

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