Skip to main content

Conjugate Electrospinning Construction of Microyarns with Synchronous Color-Tuned Photoluminescence and Tunable Electrical Conductivity

Abstract

Here, we report a strategy for constructing {[Tb(BA)3phen + Eu(BA)3phen]/PAN}//[PANI/PAN] (BA = benzoic acid, phen = phenanthroline, PANI = polyaniline, PAN = polyacrylonitrile) hetero-structured microyarns simultaneously endowed with the bi-functionality of tunable luminescence colors and electrical conductivity by using a conjugate electrospinning technique. The obtained hetero-structured microyarns are composed of [Tb(BA)3phen + Eu(BA)3phen]/PAN luminescent nanofibers and PANI/PAN electrically conductive nanofibers, realizing efficient separation of dark-colored PANI from rare earth (RE) complexes, and thus the enhanced luminescent performance is obtained. Under 276-nm ultraviolet light excitation, the emitting light color of the hetero-structured microyarns can be adjusted in a broad range of green–yellow–red by changing the proportion of RE complexes. The electrical conductivity of the hetero-structured microyarns also can be modulated via tuning the percentages of PANI. These hetero-structured microyarns, by virtue of their luminescent properties and electrical performance, are expected to be applied in multifunctional applications.

References

  1. J. Chen and Z.L. Wang, Joule 1, 480 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. N.N. Zhang, J. Chen, Y. Huang, W.W. Guo, J. Yang, J. Du, X. Fan, and C.Y. Tao, Adv. Mater. 28, 263 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. J. Chen, Y. Huang, N.N. Zhang, H.Y. Zou, R.Y. Liu, C.Y. Tao, X. Fan, and Z.L. Wang, Nat. Energy 1, 16138 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. N.N. Zhang, C.Y. Tao, X. Fan, and J. Chen, J. Mater. Res. 32, 1628 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Y.C. Peng, J. Chen, A.Y. Song, P.B. Catrysse, P.C. Hsu, L.L. Cai, B.F. Liu, Y.Y. Zhu, G.M. Zhou, D.S. Wu, H.R. Lee, S.H. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nat. Sustain. 1, 105 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Z.M. Lin, J. Yang, X.S. Li, Y.F. Wu, W. Wei, J. Liu, J. Chen, and J. Yang, Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1704112 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. L.L. Cai, A.Y. Song, P.I. Wu, P.C. Hsu, Y.C. Peng, J. Chen, C. Liu, P.B. Catrysse, Y.Y. Liu, A.K. Yang, C.X. Zhou, C.Y. Zhou, S.H. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nat. Commun. 8, 496 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Z.M. Lin, J. Chen, and J. Yang, J. Nanomater. 2016, 56516613 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  9. Z.L. Li, J. Chen, J.J. Zhou, L. Zheng, K.C. Pradel, X. Fan, H.Y. Guo, Z. Wen, M.H. Yeh, C.W. Yu, and Z.L. Wang, Nano Energy 22, 548 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. R.Y. Liu, X. Kuang, J.N. Deng, Y.C. Wang, A.C. Wang, W.B. Ding, Y.C. Lai, J. Chen, P.H. Wang, Z.Q. Lin, H.J. Qi, B.Q. Sun, and Z.L. Wang, Adv. Mater. 30, 1705195 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. G. Zhu, J. Chen, T.J. Zhang, Q.S. Jing, and Z.L. Wang, Nat. Commun. 5, 3426 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. J. Chen, G. Zhu, W.Q. Yang, Q.S. Jing, P. Bai, Y. Yang, and T.C. Hou, Adv. Mater. 25, 6094 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. J. Chen, J. Yang, Z.L. Li, X. Fan, Y.L. Zi, Q.S. Jing, H.Y. Guo, Z. Wen, K.C. Pradel, S.M. Niu, and Z.L. Wang, ACS Nano 9, 3324 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Z.L. Li, J. Chen, H.Y. Guo, X. Fan, Z. Wen, M.H. Yeh, C.W. Yu, X. Cao, and Z.L. Wang, Adv. Mater. 28, 2983 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Y. Wu, Q.S. Jing, J. Chen, P. Bai, J.J. Bai, G. Zhu, Y.J. Su, and Z.L. Wang, Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 2166 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. J. Chen, J. Yang, H.Y. Guo, Z.L. Li, L. Zheng, Y.J. Su, Z. Wen, X. Fan, and Z.L. Wang, ACS Nano 9, 12334 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Z.M. Lin, J. Chen, X.S. Li, Z.H. Zhou, K.Y. Meng, W. Wei, J. Yang, and Z.L. Wang, ACS Nano 11, 8830 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. S.Y. Kuang, J. Chen, X.B. Cheng, G. Zhu, and Z.L. Wang, Nano Energy 17, 10 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. J. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Yang, Q.S. Jing, P. Bai, W.Q. Yang, X.W. Qi, Y.J. Su, and Z.L. Wang, ACS Nano 9, 105 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. L. Zheng, G. Cheng, J. Chen, L. Lin, J. Wang, Y.S. Liu, H.X. Li, and Z.L. Wang, Adv. Energy Mater. 5, 1501152 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Y. Lu and S. Ozcan, Nano Today 10, 417 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. C.M. Park, K.H. Chu, J. Heo, N. Her, M. Jang, A. Son, and Y. Yoon, J. Hazard. Mater. 309, 133 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. K. Chen, L. Ma, J.H. Wang, Z.Q. Cheng, D.J. Yang, Y.Y. Li, S.J. Ding, L. Zhou, and Q.Q. Wang, RSC Adv. 7, 26097 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. L. Ma, K. Chen, F. Nan, J.H. Wang, D.J. Yang, L. Zhou, and Q.Q. Wang, Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 6076 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. J. Tian, Q.L. Ma, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, M. Yang, Y. Yang, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, RSC Adv. 6, 36180 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. K. Lun, Q.L. Ma, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 5395 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. M. Chen, J.H. Wang, Z.J. Luo, Z.Q. Cheng, Y.F. Zhang, X.F. Yu, L. Zhou, and Q.Q. Wang, RSC Adv. 6, 9612 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. G.H. Du, P. Liu, W.W. Guo, Y.B. Han, J. Zhang, Z.W. Ma, J.B. Han, Z.L. Liu, and K.L. Yao, J. Mater. Chem. C 1, 7608 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. F. Wang and X.G. Liu, Acc. Chem. Res. 47, 1378 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Y. Tian, Y. Wei, Y. Zhao, Z.W. Quan, G.G. Li, and J. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1281 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. J. Jang, J.H. Oh, and G.D. Stucky, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 41, 4016 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. P.H. Liu, S.H. Wu, Y. Zhang, H.G. Zhang, and X.H. Qin, Nanomaterials 6, 121 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. A. Jasim, M.W. Ullah, Z.J. Shi, X. Lin, and G. Yang, Carbohydr. Polym. 163, 62 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. P.P. Yu, X. Zhao, Y.Z. Li, and Q.H. Zhang, Appl. Surf. Sci. 393, 37 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. P. Bandyopadhyay, T. Kuila, J. Balamurugan, T.T. Nguyen, N.H. Kim, and J.H. Lee, Chem. Eng. J. 308, 1174 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. L. Kumar, I. Rawal, A. Kaur, and S. Annapoorni, Sens. Actuator B 240, 408 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Y.W. Liu, Q.L. Ma, M. Yang, X.T. Dong, Y. Yang, J.X. Wang, W.S. Yu, and G.X. Liu, Chem. Eng. J. 284, 831 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. D. Li, Q.L. Ma, X. Xi, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, Chem. Eng. J. 309, 230 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. X.B. Li, Q.L. Ma, J. Tian, X. Xi, D. Li, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, X.L. Wang, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, Nanoscale 9, 18918 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. N. Lv, J.L. Zhang, G.M. Li, X. Wang, and J.Z. Ni, J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 11926 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. H.Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Yang, X. Li, and C. Wang, Mater. Res. Bull. 44, 408 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. N. Lv, Z.G. Wang, W.Z. Bi, G.M. Li, J.L. Zhang, and J.Z. Ni, J. Mater. Chem. B 4, 4402 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. N. Lu, C.L. Shao, X.H. Li, F.J. Miao, K.X. Wang, and Y.C. Liu, Appl. Surf. Sci. 391, 668 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. S. Thenmozhi, N. Dharmaraj, K. Kadirvelu, and H.Y. Kim, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 217, 36 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Z. Aytac, Z.I. Yildiz, F.K. Ayaci-Senirmak, T. Tekinay, and T. Uyar, Food Chem. 231, 192 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. J.J. Xue, J.W. Xie, W.Y. Liu, and Y.N. Xia, Acc. Chem. Res. 50, 1976 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. S.H. Wu, Y. Wang, P.N. Streubel, and B. Duan, Acta Biomater. 62, 102 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  48. L. Tian, T. Yan, and Z.J. Pan, J. Mater. Sci. 50, 7137 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  49. U. Ali, H. Niu, A. Abbas, H. Shao, and T. Lin, RSC Adv. 6, 30564 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  50. C. Yao, X.S. Li, K.G. Neoh, Z.L. Shi, and E.T. Kang, Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 3854 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  51. X.Y. Zheng, W. Wang, S. Liu, J.L. Wu, F.F. Li, L. Cao, X.D. Liu, X.M. Mo, and C.Y. Fan, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 58, 1071 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  52. X.L. Ma, L.Y. Zhang, J. Tan, Y.X. Qin, and H.B. Chen, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 134, 44820 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

  53. X.R. Li, M.Y. Li, J. Sun, Y. Zhuang, J.J. Shi, D.W. Guan, Y.Y. Chen, and J.W. Dai, Small 122, 5009 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. F. Mehrpouya, J. Foroughi, S. Naficy, J. Razal, and M. Naebe, Nanomaterials 7, 293 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. L.B. Fan, Q.L. Ma, J. Tian, D. Li, X. Xi, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, J. Mater. Sci. 53, 2290 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. D.W. Li, X. Pan, B.B. Sun, T. Wu, W.M. Chen, C. Huang, Q.F. Ke, H.A. Ei-Hamshary, S.S. Al-Deyab, and X.M. Mo, J. Mater. Chem. B 3, 8823 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  57. S.H. Wu, P.H. Liu, Y. Zhang, H.G. Zhang, and X.H. Qin, Sens. Actuator B 252, 697 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  58. S.K. Nataraj, K.S. Yang, and T.M. Aminabhavi, Prog. Polym. Sci. 37, 487 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. F.J. Miao, C.L. Shao, X.H. Li, N. Lu, K.X. Wang, X. Zhang, and Y.C. Liu, Electrochim. Acta 176, 293 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  60. R. Zhao, X. Li, B.L. Sun, H. Ji, and C. Wang, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 487, 297 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  61. Q. Niu, J. Guo, B. Chen, J. Nie, X. Guo, and G. Ma, Carbon 114, 250 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  62. Q.L. Ma, J.X. Wang, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, and G.X. Liu, Chem. Eng. J. 222, 16 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  63. Q.L. Ma, J.X. Wang, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, G.X. Liu, and J. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 14438 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  64. H. Shao, Q.L. Ma, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, M. Yang, Y. Yang, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, Sci. Rep. 5, 14052 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  65. L.B. Fan, Q.L. Ma, J. Tian, D. Li, X. Xi, X.T. Dong, W.S. Yu, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, RSC Adv. 7, 48702 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  66. Z.J. Wang, Q.L. Ma, X.T. Dong, D. Li, X. Xi, W.S. Yu, J.X. Wang, and G.X. Liu, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 26226 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  67. J.X. He, K. Qi, Y.M. Zhou, and S.Z. Cui, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131, 631 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Qianli Ma or Xiangting Dong.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fan, L., Ma, Q., Tian, J. et al. Conjugate Electrospinning Construction of Microyarns with Synchronous Color-Tuned Photoluminescence and Tunable Electrical Conductivity. J. Electron. Mater. 48, 1511–1521 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-018-06914-9

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-018-06914-9

Keywords

  • Microyarn
  • conjugate electrospinning
  • photoluminescence
  • electrical properties