Dielectric Properties and Complex Impedance Analysis of BT–BMT–BS Ceramics


Polycrystalline (1−x)BaTiO3–0.5xBi(Mg0.5Ti0.5)O3–0.5xBiScO3 (x = 0.4, 0.45, 0.5, and 0.55) samples have been prepared via a conventional mixed-oxide solid-state sintering route. Phase analysis of the samples with x ≥ 0.45 revealed formation of single-phase cubic structure, while at x = 0.4, a minor secondary phase formed. Complex impedance spectroscopy of the samples revealed more than one type of transport mechanism (grain/bulk, grain boundary, and electrode effect). At x = 0.4, the grain boundary was less conducting than the grain; however, grains dominated the total conductivity with further increase in x. At elevated temperatures, the higher conductivity values suggest semiconducting-like behavior with negative temperature coefficient of resistivity. The composition with x = 0.55 exhibited a temperature-stable relative permittivity (ε r) of 1430 (±15% over 127°C to 500°C) and dielectric loss (tan δ) of <0.025 (over 150°C to 370°C).

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The authors thank the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan for a research fellowship at the University of Sheffield, UK.

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Correspondence to Raz Muhammad.

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Muhammad, R., Khesro, A. & Uzair, M. Dielectric Properties and Complex Impedance Analysis of BT–BMT–BS Ceramics. Journal of Elec Materi 45, 4083–4088 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-016-4589-z

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  • Dielectric properties
  • BaTiO3
  • impedance spectroscopy