Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 4000–4005 | Cite as

Optical and Electrical Properties of New Perylene Diimide Thin Films

  • G. Boobalan
  • P.K.M. Imran
  • C. Manoharan
  • S. Nagarajan
Article

Abstract

Perylene diimides with high photosensitivity and high electron mobility have attracted much attention for use in organic semiconductor devices. In this investigation, thin films of six new perylene tetracarboxylic diimides (PTCDI) were fabricated by spin coating, on glass as substrate, and their optical and electrical properties were studied. The absorption spectra of thin films of PTCDI furnished more informative bands than those of the compounds in solution. The morphology of the thin films was examined by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The absorption spectra and IV characteristics of the compounds were affected by their molecular structures. HOMO–LUMO band gaps of the films were in the range 1.9–2.0 eV. Band gaps calculated by use of computational methods were comparable with experimental results.

Keywords

Perylene diimides thin film band gap semiconductor organic material 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J.H. Burroughes, D.D.C. Bradley, A.R. Brown, R.N. Marks, K. Mackay, R.H. Friend, P.L. Burn, and A.B. Holmes, Nature 347, 539 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. Seguy, P. Jolinat, P. Destrue, J. Farence, R. Mamy, H. Bock, J. Ip, and T.P. Nguyen, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5442 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.R. Forrest, Nature 428, 911 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Facchetti, Mater. Today 10, 28 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.M. Hor and R.O. Loutfy, Thin Solid Films 106, 291 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K.-Y. Law, Chem. Rev. 93, 449 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Yang, A.J. Mayne, G. Comtet, G. Dujardin, Y. Kuk, S. Nagarajan, and A. Gourdon, Phys Rev B 90, 125427 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Senthilraja, B. Krishnakumar, M. Swaminathan, and S. Nagarajan, New J Chem 38, 1573 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.C. Petty, Langmuir-Biodegett Films: An Introduction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Wurthner, Chem. Commun. (2004) 1564.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    B.A. Jones, M.J. Ahrens, M.H. Yoon, A. Facchetti, T.J. Marks, and M.R. Wasielwski, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43, 6363 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L.X. Park, D.G. Hamilton, E.A. McGehee, and K.A. McMenimen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 10586 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Levanon, T. Galili, A. Regev, G.P. Wiederrecht, W.A. Svec, and M.R. Wasielewski, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 6366 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M.P. Debreczeny, W.A. Svec, E.M. Marsh, and M.R. Wasielewski, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 8174 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.K. Lee, Y.B. Zu, A. Herrmann, X. Geerts, K. Mullen, and A.J. Bard, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 3513 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G.P. Wiederrecht and M.R. Wasielewski, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 3231 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R.O. Loutfy, A.M. Hor, P. Kazmaier, and M.J. Tam, J.␣Imaging Sci. 33, 151 (1989).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    B.A. Gregg, M.A. Fox, and A.J. Bard, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1586 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Schuerlein, A. Schmidt, P.A. Lee, and K.N. Nebesny, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3837 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Wohrle and D. Meissner, Adv. Mater. 3, 129 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. Boobalan, P.M. Imran, S.G. Ramkumar, and S. Nagarajan, J. Lumin. 146, 387 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. Boobalan, P.K.M. Imran, and S. Nagarajan, Spectrochim Acta Part A 113, 340 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. Lifshitz, A. Kaplan, E. Ehrenfreund, and D. Meissner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 300, 626 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    B.A. Gregg, J. Sprague, and M.W. Peterson, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 5362 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    W.T. Yip and D.H. Levy, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11539 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. Schlettwein, A. Back, B. Schilling, B. Fritz, and N.R. Armstrong, Chem. Mater. 10, 601 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Bardeen, F.J. Blatt, and L.H. Hall, in Proceedings of the Photoconductivity Conference. (Atlantic City, Wiley, New York, 1956), p. 146.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Boobalan
    • 1
  • P.K.M. Imran
    • 2
  • C. Manoharan
    • 3
  • S. Nagarajan
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryAnnamalai UniversityAnnamalai NagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryIslamia CollegeVaniambadiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsAnnamalai UniversityAnnamalai NagarIndia
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryCentral University of Tamil NaduThiruvarurIndia

Personalised recommendations